Robert D. Orr

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Categories: Business, Military, Politicians

Robert Dunkerson Orr, the former governor of Indiana, died on March 10 from complications following kidney surgery. He was 86.
Orr attended Yale University and Harvard Graduate School of Business before enlisting in the Army in 1942. After fighting in the Pacific during World War II, he returned to Indiana to work in the Orr Iron Co., the family business.
Orr entered politics in the late 1960s. He was elected as a Republican to the state Senate and became Indiana’s lieutenant governor. In 1981, he ran against John Hillenbrand for governor and beat him by more than 300,000 votes.
In his two-term tenure, Orr energized the economy by luring foreign investment to Indiana. He passed two major tax increases to pay for his education reform bills and to fix the state’s budget problems. Orr also sat on the steering committee of the Education Commission of the States, and was the only governor asked to participate on U.S. Department of Education Secretary William Bennett’s Study Group on Elementary Education.
Unable to run for a third term, Orr left office in 1989. He spent the next three years as the U.S. ambassador to Singapore, then formed Alliance for Global Commerce, a consulting firm.
The Robert D. Orr Scholarship for Global Studies has been established at the University of Southern Indiana. The Interstate 164 Bypass is also named in his honor.


Frances Schreuder


Categories: Criminals

In 1978, Frances Bernice Schreuder was a New York socialite. She sat on the board of directors of the New York City Ballet, lived in a luxury apartment on Manhattan’s Upper East Side and was known to buy $40,000 earrings at Tiffany’s.

Her father, Franklin Bradshaw, preferred to live frugally in Utah. Although the Salt Lake City oil and auto-parts magnate was worth at least $10 million, he drove a rusty pickup truck and bought his clothes at thrift stores. When he tired of his daughter’s extravagant spending habits and threatened to cut her out of his will, Frances decided to kill him.

At the high-profile trial, her 17-year-old son Marc Schreuder testified that Frances ordered he and his brother Larry to steal $200,000 in cash, checks and stock certificates from their 76-year-old grandfather. Marc also said his mother gave him drugs to poison Bradshaw’s oatmeal, but he refused to carry out the plan.

Frances then hired a hit man for $5,000, who also backed out of the deal and disappeared. So she threatened to kick Marc out of the house if he didn’t murder Bradshaw. The teen acquiesced, and on July 23, 1978, he shot and killed his grandfather with a .357 Magnum handgun.

The case was chronicled in two true crime books, two TV miniseries and a documentary on Court TV. In 1982, Marc Schreuder was convicted of second-degree murder. He was paroled 12 years later and reconciled with his mother.

Although she denied any involvement in the crime, Frances Schreuder was convicted of first-degree murder in 1983. She was a model inmate at the Utah State Prison and earned two degrees while incarcerated. She was paroled in 1996. Prior to the murder, Schreuder attended Bryn Mawr College, but was suspended in 1958 for stealing and forging checks.

Schreuder died on March 30 from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. She was 65.


Sidney James

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Categories: Media, Sports, Writers/Editors

Sidney Lorraine James, the founding editor of Sports Illustrated, died on March 11. Cause of death was not released. He was 97.
James launched his journalism career at the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. He freelanced for Time Magazine, and was offered a staff writer position in 1936. Over the next decade, he would serve as the publication’s Chicago bureau chief and the chief of its western editorial operations in Los Angeles.
After World War II, James moved to New York, worked his way up the editorial ranks at Life and coordinated the first televised coverage of the Republican and Democratic national conventions in 1948 with NBC. Five years later, Time Inc.’s co-founder Henry R. Luce tapped him to develop a national publication devoted to sports.
Sports Illustrated debuted on Aug. 16, 1954. James spent six years as SI’s top editor and five as its publisher. He was also responsible for convincing William Faulkner, Robert Frost, Ernest Hemingway and John Steinbeck to contribute articles.
In the 1970s, James became the chairman of the National Public Affairs Center for Television, and helped coordinate the gavel-to-gavel coverage of Senate Watergate hearings for public television. His memoir, “Press Pass: The Journalist’s Tale,” was published in 1994.


Joan McCord

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Categories: Education, Law, Writers/Editors

jmccord.jpgJoan McCord, the first female president of the American Society of Criminology, died on Feb. 24 of lung cancer. She was 73.
The New York native received her bachelor’s and doctorate degrees from Stanford University and did graduate work at Stanford and Harvard University. She taught sixth graders in Concord, Mass., then spent several years raising her children as a single mom.
McCord joined the faculty of Temple University as a criminal justice professor in 1987. Over the next 17 years, she developed a reputation as an internationally known scholar on the development of criminal behavior by writing, co-writing and editing 12 books and over 120 articles on delinquency, violence in the inner city and alcoholism.
McCord was best known for examining programs aimed at diverting juveniles from crime. After extensive study, she determined that summer camps, Scared Straight prison visitation programs and police-led drug education programs in schools did not always deter at-risk youths from committing crimes or becoming alcoholics.
McCord served as a senior research associate at the Center for Research in Human Development on Education and was the co-chair of the Panel on Juvenile Crime for the National Academy of Sciences. She also received numerous honors, including the American Society of Criminology’s Sutherland Award and the Prix Emile Durkheim Award from the International Society of Criminology.


Aaron Bank


Categories: Military, Writers/Editors

Retired Army Col. Aaron Bank, “the father of the Green Berets,” died on April 1 of natural causes. He was 101.
The New York native spent his teens working as a lifeguard and swimming instructor. As a young adult, Bank traveled through Europe and learned to speak both French and German. When war became imminent in the late 1930s, he returned to America, joined the Army and volunteered for “special assignments.”
In 1943, Bank signed up with the Office of Strategic Services, a top-secret government agency formed to gather intelligence and organize resistance forces behind enemy lines. He was assigned to recruit and train 170 anti-Nazi German POWs and defectors. Their mission was to parachute into the Austrian Alps and capture high-ranking Nazi leaders, including Adolf Hitler. Before its completion, however, “Operation Iron Cross” was scrubbed. Bank then parachuted into the jungles of Indochina to search for Japanese prisoner-of-war camps. His team located and freed 165 French internees in Laos.
The 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne) was approved and formally activated in 1952 in Ft. Bragg, N.C. Bank was a key figure in championing for its creation, and became the unit’s first commander. Under his guidance, the elite unit of men became skilled in the art of hand-to-hand combat, stealth tactics, the use of explosives and amphibious warfare. Bank is also credited with writing a memorandum suggesting that Special Forces soldiers be allowed to wear berets as a mark of distinction. Although the Army initially turned down the idea, President John F. Kennedy authorized the apparel in 1962.
Upon his retirement from the service in 1958, Bank became chief of security at a private oceanfront community in California. He published his memoirs, “From Oss to Green Berets: The Birth of Special Forces,” in 1986, and co-authored the novel, “Knights Cross,” with E.M. Nathanson. To celebrate his 100th birthday, President George W. Bush commended Bank for developing unconventional warfare programs and techniques.

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