February 6, 2004 by

Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi

145 comments

Categories: Military, Writers/Editors

Lt. Gen. Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, one of Pakistan’s most decorated soldiers, died on Feb. 2 from cardiac arrest. He was 89.

Niazi was commissioned in the United Indian Army in 1942, serving as a junior officer during World War II. When Pakistan won independence from Britain in 1947, he joined the Pakistan Army and worked his way through the ranks.

As chief of the Pakistan army command in what was then called East Pakistan, Niazi and his forces fought Bangladeshi separatists and Indian forces in a bloody civil war. For nine months, the fighting ensued and led to the deaths of 3 million people. Then in 1971, the city of Dhaka fell and Niazi surrendered his 90,000 troops to the Indian Army. The defeat, which was considered a national humiliation, allowed residents of East Pakistan to secede and form an independent Bangladesh.

Niazi later became a strong critic of the Pakistan Army. After an unsuccessful bid to enter politics, he published the 1999 book, “The Betrayal of East Pakistan.”

145 Responses to Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi

  1. Abdullah Khan

    I have read his book ‘betrayal of east pakistan’. I found him a sincere soldier who accepted the fact that misgovernance of east pakistan by west pakistani govt. (specially military dictators) caused east pakistan to be seperated and to form independent Bangladesh. I pay tibute to the departed sould for his truthfulness he showed in his book.

  2. Rony

    He was a bucher. He is responsible for killing 3 million innocent people at East Pakistan at 1971, and will be put to justice by almighty surely.

  3. Ashhad Karim

    I have read three books “Witness to Surrounder written by Siddique Saliq Late”, “Last Days of United Pakistan written by S.G.W Chaudry” and “Betrayal of East Pakistan written by Gen.Niazi” only and only to know who are responsible of this miserable event.
    I feel Gen.Yhaya, Mr.Bhutto, and Mr.Mujeeb were make reason of this miserable event.
    I beleive “PEOPLE CAN ALIVE TO EAT LEAVES BUT NOT WITHOUT JUSTICE”. Gen.Niazi is not responsible at all for this miserable event because “WORLDS BEST ARM FORCES CAN DEFEAT TO WORLDS BEST ARM FORCES BUT NOT ANY NATION”

  4. maria

    How could you post somebody like Niazi’s obituary for a tribute? He was responsible for the holocaust that happened in Bangladesh in 1971. He was a devil in disguise, a mindless monster. I hope and pray that he is granted the lowest level in the Hell.

  5. sharjeel ahmed khan niazi

    People across pakistan say the niazi had a pegion heart. he is a blob of disgrace for pakistan as his picture of surrendering is the pride of indian cadets. i have read “The Betreyal of Bengal” and i concluded that he was rightly called “Tiger” but he was compelled to surrender only when he was told “surrender lest we’ld lose west pakistan” by army high command from W. Pak.

  6. zubed

    Surrender was a political drama, Gen.Niazi was a brave man and a true soldier. His superiors were useless. Responsible for east pakistan misfortunes were bhutto,mujeeb and indra gandhi. All three met there ill fate by divine justice. Bhutto hanged, mujeeb shot dead, indra shot dead. All three got what they deserved.

  7. Anil

    Niazi was a true soldier, He was called a soldiers general. I am from India and have read about him, in fact he was awarded the Military cross by the British governement for his bravery against the Japanese in Burma war(He was in the indian army then). Ofcourse there were very severe human rights violations in Bangladesh but majority of them was during gen.Tikka Khan who was unpunished.
    Anyways Niazi was a soldier who served his country and betrayed by it.

  8. Mirza Umair Ali Siddique

    I offer a salute to Mr. Niazi for his conducts,though the surrender was a great humiliation for all of us but the particular job because of which I salute him is putting on fire all the currency notes in East Pakistan National Bank a night before surrender!! He was rather convinced and discouraged by the grand fox Rao Farman Ali also. All of you bingos be aware of us,we are soon going to tell you a lesson by not taking three million Biharis back to Pakistan!!!

  9. Joydip

    Two things: 1. I object the use of the term ‘Bangladeshi Separatists’ in this tribute. It’s a historical fact that Niazi fought the ‘Freedom-fighters of Bangladesh’… 2. I believe that no true or sincere soldier can allow genocide under his command. From that perspective, Gen. Niazi is a ‘war criminal’ for killing 3 million Bangalis in ’71, almost all of whom were unarmed innocent civilians.

  10. Saiful Islam

    As chief of the Pakistan army command in 1971, Niazi and his forces have killed 3 million civilians, raped 200,000 women, looted and burned down thousands of villages in Bangladesh(former East Pakistan). He is the most hatred and notorious person in the history of human being.

  11. Liton

    I hope he is burning in hell fire.
    In 1971, Niazi and his forces have killed 3
    million civilians, raped 200,000 women, looted and burned down thousands of villages of East Pakistan.

  12. Mir Azam

    This coward SOB let a modern army loose on a civilian population, carried out a genocide. Damnation to this butcher by all accounts — the prayers and sufferings of a whole nation is coming down upon you bastard as punishment in hellfire.
    Suffer, Niazi, suffer an infinite multitude of pain you once caused to others.
    And oh, same to you all Naizi supporters and sympathizers too !!

  13. md. khaled mahmud

    In his apitaf the following lines should be written,
    Here lies AAK “Nazi”
    Keep distance from the place for your safety
    He represents a civilized nation for whom
    He had lead an army to kill 3million civilians.
    May his soul rest with hitlar.

  14. NIC

    The night the genocide began
    March 25 arrives once again evoking painful memories of a night of murder and mayhem, the beginning of the genocide of millions of Bangalees by the Pakistani occupation forces.
    On this night in 1971, the Pakistani military rulers launched “Operation Search Light” against the unarmed Bangalees. Dhaka University was attacked and students exterminated in the hundreds. Death squads roamed Dhaka streets, killing some 7,000 people in a single night.

  15. Tasnim

    Niazi’s defeat was the national humiliation not for just himself but also for Pakistan. In 1971 the problem between the East and West wing of Pakistan started as political problem, however rather than solving this problem politically, the military rulers jumped over a nation with extreme vengeance. They have used dogs like Niazi to tear the nation apart. Niazi and his forces never came to solve the problem, rather they came with heinous intention of looting, raping and killing. So the war turned out to be a war of existence for the people of East wing. The people fought back for their own existence, and hence this dog Niazi surrendered shamefully. Niazi was a total failure as a soldier, later as a politician. The only success that this rogue has is that he could avoid the trial for murdering millions.
    Till today, I sometime wonder how the Pakistani people let his anarchy happen in 1971. Are they all morally bankrupt?
    On the eve of our independence Day, I would post the “INSTRUMENT OF SURRENDER” for Niazi, his family and country men.
    ——————————-
    “INSTRUMENT OF SURRENDER”
    The PAKISTAN Eastern Command agree to surrender all PAKISTAN Armed Forces in BANGLA DESH to Lieutenant-General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA, General Officer Commanding in Chief of the Indian and BANGLA DESH forces in the Eastern Theatre. This surrender includes all PAKISTAN land, air and naval forces as also all para-military forces and civil armed forces. These forces will lay down their arms and surrender at the places where they are currently located to the nearest regular troops under the command of Lieutenant- General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA.
    The PAKISTAN Eastern Command shall come under the orders of Lieutenant-General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA as soon as this instrument has been signed. Disobedience of orders will be regarded as a breach of the surrender terms and will be dealt with in accordance with the accepted laws and usages of war. The decision of Lieutenant-General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA will be final, should any doubt arise as to the meaning or interpretation of the surrender terms.
    Lieutenant- General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA gives a solemn assurance that personnel who surrender will be treated with dignity and respect that soldiers are entitled to in accordance with the provisions of the GENEVA Convention and guarantees the safety and well-being of all PAKISTAN military and para-military forces who surrender. Protection will be provided to foreign nationals, ethnic minorities and personnel of WEST PAKISTAN origin by the forces under the command of Lieutenant- General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA.
    Signed:
    (JAGJIT SINGH AURORA) Lieutenant-General General Officer Commanding in Chief Indian and BANGLA DESH Forces in the Eastern Theatre
    (AMIR ABDULLAH KHAN NIAZI) Lieutenant-General Martial Law Administrator Zone B and Commander Eastern Command (PAKISTAN)

  16. Atanu

    i’m not gonna waste even my spit on this bastard’s grave.
    i’d rather spit on the face of those morons who supports him here. killing unarmed civilians, some hero.
    but i guess for the likes of the people of pakistan, an asshole like him would be the hero.

  17. Rumana

    I am not happy in the way this bastard died – he should have gone through all the torture and sufferings that his “wolves” caused to the Bengali Nation.

  18. DOST MOHAMMAD

    we know as pakistani bangladeshis dos not like pakistanis but as a citizen pakistanis never wanted seperation and every body needed united pakistan even now 2.5 million bangalis live in pakistan niazi wrote his own experiences in east pakistan a time will come when bangalis will welcome pakistanis and pakistanis will do the same

  19. S R Akhtar

    General Amir Abdullah Niazi in his book “The Betrayal of East Pakistan”, wrote about M M Ahmed plan where Bhutto and senior bureaucrats of the then West Pakistan origin hatched a plan to get rid of East Pakistan as this part was an economic burden to the West Pakistan. Niazi was only a tool in the hands of the collusion. But he cannot avoid the responsibility of the wanton mayhem, murders and other crimes committed by Pakistani soldiers. Bangladesh owes an apology, not deluded opinions of brainwashed people. An independent enquiry by Pakistani themselves may be made and justice be done. Otherwise Pakistan has to carry the sin for generations to come.

  20. S R Akhtar

    This is a story of freedom struggle of Bangladesh published in “Prothom Alo” Narrates one fellow, his experience during liberation war: “I was walking by a bush in a village raided by Pakistani soldiers. I hard the barking of dogs. I went there and saw the dogs were protecting an infant whose mother was killed by Pakistani Soldiers, from the attack of jackals.” Dogs are better than Pakistani Soldiers. Someone has called Niazi a dog; he has insulted the dogs!

  21. Saleem Samad

    In the last century the bloody liberation war of Bangladesh was the only country in world when a military General had to sign the instrument of surrender and become POWs. Gen. AAK Niazi name will defintely be written in the war history as a person who surrendered with dignity and honour.

  22. Syed

    I don’t know why I’m even writing anything regarding this bustard’s death, but when I read that some consider him HERO, I had to write! But what do I write about someone who killed millions of civilians, tortured, and ruined a generation? Only thing comes to mind…YOU WILL BE BURNING IN HELL FOR ETERNITY, NIAZI……

  23. ASAD

    I warn all Pakistani’s that they are going to be shattered in to pieces if they do not repent and offer apology to all the innocent civilians of Bangladesh; Pakistan killed 30 million unarmed civilians and that is why it was a Genocide. Even I like to see all the pakistani should raise their voice against rotten jamaat-e-islami where evil spirited people like Moududi,Golam Azam(E.PAK chief of JI),Motiur Rahman(now in BDESH),Ashrafuzzaman(exiled and settled in New York-president icna!) took side with Pakistani Army and acted like a Hitlar junta. Dear readers you will find the evidence of notorious Jamaat-i- chief’s statements,activities in thier own Daily News Paper and also in Daily Pakistan Observer, Daily Pakistan etc.One thing was very clear that without jamaat-e- islami’s direct collaboration pakistan would never accomplish to kill or initiate the Genocide in Bangladesh.The ‘JI’ party had the ulterior motive to devise hatred between Eastern and Western wing in the name of Islam. I tell you,Moududi even justified the Pak Army’s action and justified the genocide in Bangladesh, they didn’t even care that so many innocent civilians were killed in a single night of 25th march 1971.They had so much hatred against the unarmed civilians cz they thought these people are not ‘pakka jamaatian ideologue’ they are ‘halal’ to be slaugtered; and it was all right to kill them like dogs. It was the Jamaat-e-islami they gave hand and strong footing to Pakistani Military junta to crash the Bangalee nationalist spirit.Even after 34 years and after his death I ask to put Mr. Niazi on trial for his individual role. and he should be responsible for his actions at the same token I ask the readers to file a case in the International Court of Justice against the “JAMAAT-E-ISLAMI” and its Leaders for their role to kill and commit Genocide in BANGLADESH in 1971. I abhore the Jamat-e-islami and ask Pakistani people to safeguard their nation from the Jamat-e-(un!)islami and its like minded (un!)islamic parties.They should be brought to justice cz of them Pakistan was defeated and now if Pakistan continue to patronize and rehabilitate jamat-e-islami and other islamic parties I warn people of Pakistan and Gen Mushharraf that Pakistan will be shattered in to pieces and it is coming just a matter of few years! Curse to Jamat-e- who gave the bad name on ISLAM.

  24. Masood Khan Tanim

    Killing three million innocent people and raping 200,000 women in ONLY nine months! Even the monsters will think twice. Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi successfully did that with his devil associates. That’s why the Pakistani’s think that he is one of thier most decorated soldiers.

  25. Mohiuddin Anwar

    Lt. General AAK Niazi should have appologized to the victims of Bangladesh liberation war for the killing of millions of Bangali Muslims and raping of thousands of Muslima women andgirlsby the Pakistani occupation forces.He lost that oppoertunity to seek for forgiveness. AS the commander of Eastern Command he was personally responsible for mass killing and rape in Bangladesh.Interestingly Not a single Pakistani leader appologised for the crime of Pakistan Army during 1971’s liberation war in Bangladesh.

  26. Aftab

    Tributes! Hmmm.
    Well let us not forget that Niazi was just a Dog (Like many other Big Dogs of war throughout the world and the History of mankind). He was programmed to act on his Master’s command. He was a “Good Dog” for his Master who didn’t give a rat’s ass about the neighbors. So he did what he was told to do by direct orders and intentions conveyed, and through the attitude implied towards the Bangladeshi people by the Leaders & the people of the West (That same attitude remains unchanged as of today). The struggle of the Bangladeshi people in forming an elected Government with peoples mandate at that time threatened the very thread of the fundamentalist Islamic state of mind in the West Pakistan. The so-called East Pakistani people (Bangalis) were never considered to be “True Muslims” in the eyes of the West. As such, the leadership of a country created on the basis of religion (So called Islam of the West) was not to be put in the hands of the “half Muslims” or

  27. Shamim Chowdhury

    We will never forget and forgive Pakistan for atrocities/genocide they committed in then East Pakistan. Bustard Niazi was the chief executer of their genocide plan which killed 3 million innocent unarmed people; raped millions of women burned thousands of villages. I pray to almighty Allah to put him in hellfire for infinity. I pray the same fate for each and every Pakistani solder who committed this heinous crime.
    Shamim

  28. Mahbub Kabir

    To the 150000000 Bangladeshi (apart from some of the RAJAKAARs- the betrayers) he used to be a RAPIST, a MURDERER, a BUTCHER…what not. He stopped the music of our motherland. He killed the greatest scholars of our land, the intellectuals. His army were basically the rapists. He was a man of fortune who was not taken before the international court of justice as a war criminal. But he was a war criminal. He tried to destroy the spirit of a nations’ freedom, its aspiration to be free from the neo-colonialism…West Pakistan was the neo-coloniser to the then East-Pakistanis (now its Bangladesh). I think this should do for his tribute!!!!!!

  29. A.B.M.Shamsud Doulah

    The late A.A.K. Niazi was a minor player in the drama of the then East Pakistan genocide.
    The key players plotted the bloody drama of emergence of Bangladesh. The great killing and destruction took place. As was pre-arranged millions were killed; Pakistan army surrendered in Dhaka; and nearly 100,000 Pakistani armed personnel comfortably reached safe santuary in the enemy capital areas in New Delhi and then were sent back to home. Never in the history of mankind such a drama could be enacted. Nice way to befool the Bengalees of Bangladesh. All the blames of breaking the united Pakistan were thrown upon the Bengalees of Bangladesh. Both the victor and the vanquished are recorded in the history as saviours and loosers. Not Niazi, nor Tikka Khan were the major players. Leadership of “high value” were the plotters of the drama. Destiny made most of them to pay and everybody knows that. The children of “high value” leadership are roaming around in Dhaka, Delhi, and Islamabad. Therefore, you must hold your tongue. Otherwise, you will be unwise.
    A.B.M. Shamsud Doulah
    G.P.O. Box 351
    Dhaka-1000
    Email: doulah@bttb.net.bd

  30. Joya

    Well, it is a fact that Niazi killed so many people of Bangladesh, and the Pakistanis do realize it. But their barbarian self cannot allow to admit the fact the fact that they were beaten by Bangladeshis. While his supporters can wait till they reunite with him in hell, let us celebrate.

  31. Shahid

    There is no confusion that Niazi was a great bustard. He was a great coward in the Military history. Now he is in the hale with wine including his associate Tikka Khan.

  32. Rezaa

    I have all the hatred to Mr. Niazi for what he had done in 1971, though I was born after the independence of our great nation Bangladesh.
    But please do not forget that he was just a commander of Pakistan Army who was actually run by Mr. Bhutta & Mr. Yahya Khan, so my request to all of you to show the same hatred to these bustard too.
    At the end, I would like to convey my tribute to those who were died in the war of Independence, who have lost any of their family members & victim of the most brutal incident of any human being RAPED by the war criminals ( irrespective Bangladeshi or Paki).

  33. Tajul Imam

    As a freedom fighter my comment is – I am embarrassed to have a coward like niazi as my enemy.
    I like to see some direct comments of RAJAKARS in this issue ( not hidden tribute as Mr. A.B.M. Shamsud Doulah posted)

  34. Abdullah Al Mamun

    As a family member of myrtyred intellectual I can only have hatred words for this killer who committed the most heinous crime of killing on our freedom fighters in the last century in Bangladesh. Unfortunately this killer was not trialled by any court for the genocide he and his soldiers, under his command, did in 1971.

  35. Mahtab

    Such a lucky beast!!!
    Never faced trial for what he did to people of Bangladesh. Even after death, he is fooling some people by convincing that he was an innocent boy in 1971.

  36. Rafiq

    I am Rafiq from Bangladesh. Niazi, as he has already passed away, what shall I write now? If he were alive, then I could say that he should face the trial not to be defeated, but for the genoside of innocent Bangladeshi people by him, his coward tourist soldiers and their pile of trendy arms.

  37. Sohel

    The Ethics of Niazi
    Value of life : Just the cost of a bullet
    Utility of Women: Meeting diabolical needs of Pakisthani Solders
    Assets of Bangladesh: Nothing but fire-wood
    War : Fashion of life
    Love : Moment of Sex
    Hate : Patriotism
    Fashion : Killing, raping and burning
    Missed the best chance of life: To apologize to Bangladesh
    Achievements:
    People across the globe bear democratic value, humanity, integrity, and envisage welfare for mankind would use him as the extreme example of brutality and crime against humanity. Niazi

  38. Mir Azam

    Calling out:
    Mirza Umair Ali Siddique,
    A.B.M.Shamsud Doulah,
    Abdullah Khan,
    Ashhad Karim,
    zubed,
    Anil ,
    DOST MOHAMMAD,
    Saleem Samad,
    Just because your bosses(and I mean, YOUR boss, bosses of Mirza Umair Ali Siddique et.al) tells you to go kill somebody, rape his wife & daughter, burn his children, doesn’t mean you, Mirza Umair Ali Siddique et.al, go and do it, or do you?
    You and other Niazi apologists better come out here and speak of the facts. I am also sending you email, so don’t hide out.
    Niazi sympathizers are as demented in their minds as Niazi himself. That’s my stand. Now if you have either the gutts or the facts, start a discussion.
    I am ready, waiting.
    -Mir

  39. Junaid Chaudhry

    Although East Pakistan was horribly mistreated by West Pakistan, that did not give the East Pakistanis the right to become basically treacherous citizens of Pakistan and traitors who aligned themselves with the Indian army and attacked Pakistani soldiers.
    Shame on both sides!

  40. Mir Azam

    Mr. Junaid Chaudhry,
    Let’s talk about the chronology of the events of the “alignment” and “attack” …. as you mentioned.
    -> There was a democratic election won by a candidate from East Pakistan.
    -> A reluctance to hand over power to the underdeveloped East Pakistan ensued a political battle and a summit of the political leaders of both sides.
    -> Without any controversy about the result of the election raised by the West leaders, the Pakistani Army strike-force was brought to the East during the March of 1971 in a clandestine manner WHILE the political summit was taking place.
    -> On the night of March 25th, 1971, the W. Pak army was let loose on the people of the East, let me repeat — THE PEOPLE, and NOT the armed forces (there was very little of that in the East). The W. Pak army went into millions of private homes, killed, raped, tortured, imprisoned countless civilian citizens.
    -> The people resisted, the independence of the East was officially announced on radio on March 28th, and people fought.
    -> The Indian army came into the picture much later in the fight on the side of the unarmed populus, and against the armed Pakistani Govt. as a political stance to defeat the Pakistani army.
    Mind you, Mr. Chaudhry, the people of Bangladesh fought for themselves in self defense, accepted the help from the Indian armed forces because the people of the former East Pakistan were ATTACKED FIRST, BRUTALLY in a GENOCIDE manner — NOT because they wanted to betray their own govt. as you would like to believe since you cannot, I believe, find a defense for such a barbaric attack by the W.
    The people of former East Pakistan DID NOT betray their govt. as they participated in the election; rather they fought heroically even before the Indian help and died in numbers because their innocent civilians were ATTACKED by the W. Pak govt., who MAY I REMIND YOU, had just freshly been VOTED OUT by the will of the people.
    I sent YOU mail too. So, please come and defend your stance.
    -Mir

  41. Mir Azam

    What are the board rules (other than, “NOTE: Tributes with fake e-mail addresses may be removed. At the discretion of the site’s editor, people leaving inappropriate comments will be banned from posting in this forum” as posted above)? Can you post them here please, Mr. Walker? I have been to a few forums before, and as always, I will abide by the board rules.

  42. Jade Walker

    Board rules are simple: Please keep your messages on topic. Discuss the deceased — in a positive or negative manner — but take tangents off the board. Tributes with fake e-mail addresses may be removed. People leaving inappropriate comments (trolls, spammers and off-topic posters) will be banned from posting in this forum.
    Ms. Jade Walker
    The Blog of Death

  43. Mir Azam

    Got it! The topic should maintain its boundary within what the deceased directly did, and not expand it to other discussions on related topics.
    By that account, I conclude that instead of posting a rebuttal (like 3 posts above by me) to a post that doesn’t mention the deceased (like 4 posts above by Mr. Chaudhry) but addresses related topics, I would be better off bringing that to your attention and you can in your own discretion decide to remove the post or keep it.
    All related topics off this board to provided email addresses — clear!

  44. Tarek Kalam

    Niazi a decorated hero of Pakistan Army unfortunately was in the wrong place at the wrong time. Poor Niazi had no backup from his masters. How can someone fight without air or naval support? I think Bangladeshi should not swear at him because his surrender to the joint Indian-Bangaldeshi force has indeed saved lives of thousand of innocent Bangladeshi civilans. Think for a moment, IAF were ready to bomb Dhaka and the sorroundings had the Pak force refused to surrender.

  45. Mir Azam

    We don’t dislike Niazi because of his designation in the military or his patriotism to Pakistan. It is the genocide he committed against unarmed civilians that is condemned and should be condemned by ALL, including Pakistanis.
    Also, Niazi surrendered out of neither good will towards humanity nor on a good note. He lost the war and had no support from his mothership, the W. Pak. He surrendered.
    About not surrendering on a good note, still under Niazi’s command, two days before the Dec. 16th 1971 surrender date, on Dec. 14th 1971 Niazi’s forces went into all educational/intellectual institutions they could get their hands into and killed all professors, teachers, educators, journalists, lawyers, doctors, engineers, writers, and any other professional intellectuals they found in a last ditch desparate attempt to cripple the soon to be foremed new nation.
    Niazi is, by all historical accounts, a devil in disguise for commiting genocide on civilians, for commanding a mass murderous intellectual killing project on the eve of his surrender, and no doubt a coward who surrendered to save his own life and his losing army.
    He talks about betrayal? He betrayed humanity to the worst degree. He, and his sympathizers, don’t want to accounted for that and will always divert the issue from his crimes.

  46. Mirza Umair Ali Siddique

    To Mrs. Jade Walker:
    Madam, I am surprised at your biased attitude. You took no action when Mr. Mir Azam issued a
    discussion challenge on April 14,2005 but when I accepted the challenge in my tribute in the early days of May, you were pleased to delete my tribute.
    Now on April 21,2005 Mr. Azam mentions four posts of Mr. Chaudhry but I can see only one. On the other hand, all the subsequent posts of Mr. Azam are still present!

  47. Shabana

    Tributes for a dog like that. Bhutto brought him back with honour and dignity just like Rao Farman Ali and other war criminals. But in a few years he found out how dangerous it is to give milk to snakes. Niazi and Rao will go down in the dustbin of history while Bhutto became a martyr and had all his sins washed off at the hands of ungrateful dogs.

  48. Ali Qayyum

    Lt. Gen. AAK Niazi…
    I think if anybody else was in that place at that time, would have done the same thing, that the General did. He knew that his 95,000 man power cannot match upto, half a million indian force and tens of thousands of indian supported bengalis. He was betrayed by the higher authority at the Western Pakistan. Also, as we are talking about the General, i would like to clear up that, the so called raping, looting and burning, had begun before the General had taken up his appointment as the COMD Eastern Command. He tried his best, to eradicate the problem ASAP by writing to the Higher Authority in West Pakistan, but he did not recieve any help in that matter. He was a great Soldier, who only did what he was ordered to do.

  49. Mir Azam

    I will use two quotes from Justice Hamoodur Rahman’s commission report on why Pakistan lost the 1971 war. Both quotes are made about AAK Niazi, and both quotes prove that no tribute can be attributed to this butcher.
    This official Pakistan govt. report, although investigated and prepared by Pakistan in post 1971 war period and unbelievably biased in grossly understating the brutality of the Pakistan army and massively overstating the Bihari killings of early ’71, published in ’74, kept under a top-secret lable until it leaked out in 2001 or so, had the following and more to say about Niazi and his methods (and again, there is no way Niazi can avoid responsibility by saying he was a great soldier, because he was not).
    Here are the quotes directly from the Pakistan government commission report:
    “The troops used to say that when the Commander (Lt. Gen. Niazi) was himself a raper, how could they be stopped? Gen. Niazi enjoyed the same reputation at Sialkot and Lahore.”
    “In the early stages this method of procurement seems to have been encouraged by senior commanders, including Lt. Gen Niazi, whose remarks on the very first day of his taking over command from Lt. Gen Tikka Khan have already been quoted by us in an earlier chapter, viz: ‘what have I been hearing about shortage of rations? Are not there any cows and goats in this country? This is enemy territory. Get what you want. This is what we used to do in Burma.'”

  50. Rajib

    Well I will start with history well on 1947 when Pakistan got it independence from English rule. The West Pakistan always been unfair to East Pakistan. At first they wanted to take away the mother tong of East Pakistan’s people and force them lean Urdu only, the West Pakistan did not want Bengali to be a state langue. On 1970 when Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s party won the election, the west Pakistan cancel the assembly, so that East Pakistan people could not decide their own faith. Now the aggressor of the war was Pakistan. They were the one whom lunch the attack on East Pakistan and start killing innocent civilian. They did not even spare old age people and baby. Gen.Niazi was a one of the commander of the Pakistan army,he is also equally responsible as the rest of the Pakistan army in East Pakistan. I myself a BENGLADESHI and I know how brutal those Pakistan soldier were. I do not see Gen.Niazi as a great person.

  51. imran

    I think AAK niazi was an infernal bastard who, i can say with almost unequivocal certainity, is burning in the deepest pit of hell as we speak. Why? Because he was a cowardly lapdog general who unleashed a despicable pogrom on the unarmed MUSLIM civilians of Bangladesh.

  52. MUNIR KHAN

    Niazi …If I could hang your father, rape your mother, burn your childern and feed your mutilated body to the dogs ………
    Sounds demoic ? perverted ?
    ….thats what Niazi did in Bangladesh.

  53. Zafar

    May Allah forgive us. Bottom line is, in 1971 Muslims, killed their Muslim Brothers, raped their Muslim sisters and killed their innocent Childern. Being a Pakistani Muslim, I have all love and sympathey for my Bangladeshi Muslim Brothers & Sisters. I have no hestitation to apologize for all catastrophies iflicted on them by any Pakistani Muslim, civilian or military. For General Niazi, I beg to you all to let his matter with Allah SWT, as he already died. Regards

  54. Mir Azam

    (trust me, this post will converge to Niazi’s topic at the end….)
    Humankind has had more than their share of disgraceful moments, had the monsters and their monstrous policies to inflict pain on others.
    If we can learn from history, good! Seldom we do, as we repeat with a legacy of wars and deaths. But even if we don’t learn from shameful history pages, we can at least stop glorifying the architechts and executioners of the past sins.
    Not that it’s really expected that a still dictatorial Pakistani leadership would apologize for their past deeds, but there are blatant censorships and distortions that hide the truth from the people of Pakistan; yet there are still people like Mr. Zafar who understands the truth, and add more power to the human spirit of 1971.
    Correct, the deceased is beyond our calling now and with the ultimate Judge. But the least we can do is NOT pay ANY tribute to this monster as he has left the world with so much blood in his hands. That’s all!

  55. A. M Khan

    Assalam-o-Alikum,
    As a true Pakistani, I affirm that Islamabad did wrong with Dacca but I will never affirm that Niazi did bad, he was a Hero, He is Hero and He will remain Hero. He was teh true soldier of Islam, no matter if the image of Niazi is been dusted by some silly people who just criticise and blame the ones about whom they just have heard but never worked upon nor researchd anything.
    Bengalis also never respected the Ideologogy of Pakistan i.e. Two nation Theory they dis-respected it. Pakistani’s led Bengal to be Bangladesh as they didn’t wanted Bengalis to hold on Pakistanis. I enormously condemns Pakistan’s behaviour towards the Bengal.
    May Niazi’s sould be laid in the best part of heaven and also of those soldiers who were martyrd in the war and also the civillians of Bengals.
    Ammen
    And for Niazi’s bravery let me say one thing “Indra Gandhi never led Pakistani’s War Prisioners to be released, she said “How Come I leave the brave soldiers of Pakistan who fought bravely against us?”
    Long Live Pakistan
    Long Live Revoloution for Islam
    Allah Hafiz

  56. SYED ALI QASIM

    hi,
    i would like to say that gen niazi was a brave man because he served for his country.i have heard as well as read so many remarks against him
    but honestly you people tell me when pak was in the verge of war in 65 and 48,whi were they who protected you people from danger and form slavery again from indians.so gen niazi with his armed forces served for your country your men.then how can you say him as a traitor.infact he was a brave man and we should salute him.

  57. Chris

    I knew Lt Gen Niazi. My father, a senior Bengali army officer, served with him. I remember when he came to our house during his last visit to then West Pakistan before Bangladesh (then East Pakistan) was effectively blockaded by Indian forces. During the conversation that evening Niazi refered to himself as a “butcher”. Yes, it is true that Niazi did many evil things and was never called to account for evils he did; but then remember also that we are all fallible human beings, and none of us has the right to judge another human being, because before God we all stand gulity as sinners. Only through the Grace and mercy of Jesus Christ can we be set free from the power of sin.
    Let God who is Just in all His ways deal with Niazi. Let us seek God for His Mercy upon our own lives.

  58. hussnain khan

    niazi was great soldier b coz he was tiger he is not responsibal for defeat in bangaladesh he was helpless real man who responsibal for this zulfaqar ali buttu and yaya and tika khan ‘who said , i dont want people i want land ‘ why all pakistani not blame him

  59. jennifer choudhury

    niazi was a disgusting puppet to the officiials in 71.the perverse crimes he commited are the worst ever .may he now be suffering the worst wrath of God.his family also who survive him may they suffer for their poor excuse of a unscrupulous father.may the poeple who sopport him perish in hell.the people of that disgracefull country are getting ther cumuppunce now with the recent earthquakes.may ther be many more. i for one shall not aide or pledge suppost and help of any kind for such an immoral country.

  60. Abdul Majid Khan Niazi

    Niazi was a Great soldier, He was called a Tiger Niazi. I have read about him, in fact he was awarded the Military cross by the British governement for his bravery against the Japanese in Burma war . gen.Tikka Khan who was unpunished.
    Anyways Niazi was a soldier who served his country and betrayed by it.
    People across pakistan say the niazi had a pegion heart. But They are wrong Niazi Can’t. when he was told “surrender lest we’ld lose west pakistan” by army high command from W. Pak.
    Niazi was a great & Niazi No 1

  61. haseeb khan

    niazi was betrayed by stupid pakiiis,..he was aproud pathan…so he accepted the challenge. to go to bangla…though he failed…atleast he went there where every 1 else efused

  62. Abdul Majid Khan Niazi

    Niazi was a Great soldier, He was called a Tiger Niazi. gen.Tikka Khan who was unpunished.
    Anyways Niazi was a soldier who served his country and betrayed by it.
    Surrender was a political drama, Gen.Niazi was a brave man and a true soldier. His superiors were useless. Responsible for east pakistan misfortunes were bhutto,mujeeb and indra gandhi. All three met there ill fate by divine justice. Bhutto hanged, mujeeb shot dead, indra shot dead. All three got what they deserved.
    Niazi always no 1

  63. A. Majid Khan Niazi

    Niazi was a Great soldier, He was called a Tiger Niazi. gen.Tikka Khan who was unpunished.
    Anyways Niazi was a soldier who served his country and betrayed by it.
    Surrender was a political drama, Gen.Niazi was a brave man and a true soldier. His superiors were useless. Responsible for east pakistan misfortunes were bhutto,mujeeb and indra gandhi. All three met there ill fate by divine justice. Bhutto hanged, mujeeb shot dead, indra shot dead. All three got what they deserved.
    Niazi always no 1

  64. Shabana

    A great tiger indeed! With 5 such tigers we could have dismantled Pakistan into 50 pieces had it not been for Allah’s blessings. Bhutto, Mujeeb and Indira were all petriots of Pakistan, Bangladesh and Inida, respectively. It was Niazi who was shameless womanizing traitor. If he is No. 1 I shudder for the future of Pakistan.

  65. Abdullah Khan

    I wanted to add something to my earlier posting as tribute. On a second thought, I now I think, Gen. Niazi’s book ‘Betrayal of East Pakistan’ would have been better titled “Betrayal of West Pakistan”, because, if you have read the book thoroughly, you would agree with me that author wanted to mean how his loyalty to his chain of command was betrayed by itself.
    Thans for reading my addition to my earlier comment. Take care.
    Abdullah Khan

  66. Mir Azam

    I haven’t checked this site in some time and looks like some Niazi sympathizers posted their views.
    I would like to add, and reiterate, that Niazi did not adhere to humanity and politely decline his part in the aggression and torture, rather he became a hand puppet to his masters, willingly so, and when the fire was around him, surrendered like a coward.
    What’s brave about that? Killing unarmed, innocent people? Torturing and raping helpless women? Looting the land of Bangladesh? Or surrendering to an Indian general? WHICH of these acts is bravery? Or is it the undying submission to his superior’s orders, in either killing of the unarmed or the submission to the armed, the act of bravery?

  67. Amir

    No body is saying that it is bravery what he portrayed. The point is that he is dead and will meet his fate with the Lord. He has to pay his Lord for all his bad deeds. Mar gaya yaar Jaan choro bhai.

  68. Mir Azam

    Point well taken — that he’s dead and will meet his maker, and that justice is served best there. No argument there.
    The point I can’t get across is — it is absolutely unjustified to show him ANY respect. It is degrading to his victims to applaud him, or praise his life. Every effort to do that should be challenged and refuted vigorously, and every time those unjustified efforts should remind us of his monstrous sins.

  69. Usman Khan

    My message to all my Bengali brethren:-
    First of all, lets get the records straight in this forum. There is no way in hell, 3 divisions strength of Pakistani troops could have killed 3 million Bengalis and raped 200,000 women. New independent research by Prof. Sharmilla Bose shows that the initial claim of the Bangladeshi Govt. 300,000(which itself is grossly exaggerated) killed by Pakistani army, which was translated wrongly in english into 3 million… so please lets put this imaginary 3 million figure in the trash bin. Secondly, where in hell were 200k women raped? The British abortion team after 1971 had to abort only 100 or so pregnancies. Did everyone wear condoms before raping those women, that there were no pregnancies afterwards, or did the soldiers follow some military guideline that would prevent pregnancies?
    Mind it, we Pakistanis are quite sympathetic to Bengalis for what happened in 1971, but when you guys falsify and ridiculously exaggerate that shameful period of our history, you not only lose our support but infact make a mockery of your cause because no one in this bloody world believes you. If Gen. Niazi and and his force had committed such a heinous crime against humanity and killed so many people, then the first and last mission of your govt. from the beginning should have been to take him and other generals to ICJ for War Crimes… Did they show that much interest? How many times has Bangladeshi Govt. produced evidence in any forum to show that there was a genocide or that so many people were killed? I dont think its too hard, afterall a census occurs in the country, cant they verify from records how many people died in 1971? The fact is that your govt. knows there wasnt any such thing which you guys cry about all the time, and its just to get some sympathy of your cause. If you have no evidence to support your claims, then please just STFU!
    There was no genocide in 1971. It was a civil war. A handful of Pakistani Army was fighting hundreds of thousands of militants fully supported by the sworn enemy. Excesses were no doubt committed by some soldiers, but they werent of the magnitude that you guys claim. I can never think of supporting or justifying those actions, those who perpetuated them will have to face the justice someday, but as I said, once i hear so much exaggeration I just get on the defensive of my country’s honour than to condemn the ones who did it. Mind it that many heinous crimes were committed by your so called freedom fighters which were totally blackened out, by the Pakistani govt. for there would have been huge backlash against bengalis living in WP at the time. Look at what you have done to the Biharis, what was there fault, the fact that they supported their muslim brothers rather than join you people with the kafirs? How many West Pakistani or Pakistan supporting civillians were killed at the hand of the Muktis? Any record of that?
    Civil wars are brutal. Brothers fight and kill each other, and in the end the enemy wins and no one else. It had been over 34 years, enough of this blame game. No proper joint truth commission was appointed by the two countries, no one knows what the facts are. You see things differently, we see them differently. Army suppressed your legitimate freedom struggle, or for us they fought with their blood to maintain the integrity of Jinnah’s Pakistan… but now there is no point in going back to all this. The main people have all died, they were never questioned in their lifetime, either Pakistanis or Bengalis. All we can do is to put it in God’s court, for surely He will do justice and He knows it all. There is no more point in us fighting over it anymore… thats all i would like to say!

  70. Mir Azam

    My message is to br. Usman Khan (and anyone else who possess information that is grossly inaccurate as his):
    Point by point, data (w/ references) contradicting your assertions:
    ================================
    you asserted, “There is no way in he**, 3 divisions strength of Pakistani troops could have killed 3 million Bengalis and raped 200,000 women.” …
    ———-> “More than 93,000 Pakistani soldiers and their abettors surrendered to joined forces (Mitro Bahini) and were taken prisoner of war by the Indian Army, the largest surrender since World War II.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangladesh_Liberation_War
    … one of many sources.

  71. Mir Azam

    ———-> “More than 93,000 Pakistani soldiers and their abettors surrendered to joined forces (Mitro Bahini) and were taken prisoner of war by the Indian Army, the largest surrender since World War II.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangladesh_Liberation_War
    … one of many sources.
    ———–> death toll estimates range from 300,000 to above 3,000,000 … with most reputed international estimates going into millions of deaths, several (not just the Bangladeshi estimates which you are so skeptical of) refering the 3 million figure.
    # The high estimates of how many Bengalis were massacred are almost 10 times the low estimates:
    * WHPSI: 307,013 deaths by pol.viol. in Pakistan, 1971.
    * D.Smith says 500,000
    * S&S: 500,000 (Civil War, Mar.-Dec. 1971)
    * 1984 World Almanac: up to 1,000,000 civilians were killed.
    * Hartman: 1,000,000 Bengalis
    * B&J: 1,000,000 Bengalis
    * Kuper cites a study by Chaudhuri which counted 1,247,000 dead, and mentions the possibility that it may be as many as 3,000,000.
    * MEDIAN: 1,000,000-1,250,000
    * Porter: 1M-2M
    * Rummel: 1,500,000.
    * Eckhardt: 1,000,000 civ. + 500,000 mil. = 1,500,000 (Bangladesh)
    * Harff & Gurr: 1,250,000 to 3,000,000
    * The official estimate in Bangladesh is 3 million dead. [AP 30 Dec. 2000; Agence France Presse 3 Oct. 2000;
    * Rounaq Johan: 3,000,000 (in Century of Genocide: Eyewitness Accounts and Critical Views, Samuel Totten, ed., (1997))
    * Compton’s Encyclopedia, “Genocide”: 3,000,000
    * Encyclopedia Americana (2003), “Bangladesh”: 3,000,000
    source: http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstat2.htm#Bangladesh

  72. Mir Azam

    ———–> raped women figures ….
    “From the systematic rape of women in Bosnia, to an estimated 200,000 women raped during the battle for Bangladeshi independence in 1971…”
    one of many sources: http://www.globalpolicy.org/intljustice/general/2004/1208rapeweapon.htm
    “In Bangladesh, estimates of the number of women raped during the country’s 9-month war for independence in 1971 range from 250,000 to 400,000, and these rapes led to an estimated 25,000 pregnancies, according to International Planned Parenthood…”
    source: http://www.phrusa.org/research/health_effects/humrape.html
    This source doesn’t state a figure > 200,000 but others have quoted as high as 400,000 (read the world genocide histories please)

  73. Mir Azam

    And no, Bangladeshis don’t turn their cheek the other way when it comes to Bihari killings in 1971. Specially at the beginning (around March 27 timeframe and immediately after the war). Most of it is rationalized as revenge killings, even though all Bangladeshis know that it was wrong to kill Biharis, not just the Biharis who were razakars (+ traitors forming the Al-Badr/Al-Shams forces that cooperated with the W. Pak. army).
    But to equate the Bihari killings with the genocide of the people is utterly sidestepping the genocide itself. What was the fault of Bangladeshi people that they got the wrath of Pakistan?
    Let me point out a distinct difference — you will not hear of or see any glorification of Bihari killers in Bangladesh’s history. But to try to honor a butcher like Niazi who was in charge of a genocide for most of its part is why we are even having a disagreement here.

  74. Mir Azam

    Mr. Usman Khan, in refering to your “no way in hell” belief, would you agree with me, after seeing the evidence, that the “hell” that you thought was so far far away is actually a “hell of a lot closer to Pakistan” than you would like to believe, right?

  75. Amir

    Mr. Mir Azam,
    I agree with Mr. Usman Khan about the exaggerated numbers of attrocities that you have quotted. It is not humanly possible by all accounts. On the same token we cannot justify the killing even of one innocent Bangali soul. We believe that by killing one soul the whole humanity is killed.
    Let me correct you on one more thing “you will not hear of or see any glorification of Bihari killers in Bangladesh’s history” I think that you have easily forgotten Mr. Kader Siddiqi alias Tiger Siddiqi who was given the title of “Banga bir”. He is still in politics in Bangladesh and has been in the cabinet. The whole world knows and it is documented in the New York times, when he publically killed innocent biharis in the Ramna ground after the war was over. His pictures are all over the news. However I have never heard that he was tried for killing those biharis rather he was glorified. I suggest to you that bygone is bygone, let us look forward and try to live as brothers. Otherwise I feel that being fixated on this tragic event is not going to help us build bridges between our communities and countries.

  76. Mir Azam

    Mr. Amir’s post is very rational. I thank you for your message of building bridges rather than being fixated in the past.
    However, I must admit that some criminals from 1971 have established their position in Bangladeshi politics. Not only K. Siddiqui, but also anti-Bangladshi traitors like Nizami (he is a minister now). Golam Azam got back to Bangladesh with dignity. So, that knife cut both ways and it is unfair.
    My point of discussion has always been, this blog to pay positive tribute to a war criminal like Niazi is unjustified. It is degrading to the victims of his brutality. Niazi must not be praised for his life after he has passed away. Any praise to him should remind those praising him that he is a deplorable war criminal.
    About the statistics I have quoted, I also gave the sources for them. The exact numbers of any may never be known, but evidence points to millions of deaths, hundreds of thousands of rape. Let’s not try to marginalize Niazi’s atrocities if someone is going to praise him.
    Thank you.

  77. Usman Siddiqi

    I have said it before and would say it again that you Bengalis and your Indian benefactors have distorted the history to such an extent that at this point in time, it is meaningless what you claim or quote from sources who in turn quote your official sources. There was no neutral inquiry into the number of deaths nor was there any genuine effort by Bangladeshi Govt. to share their evidence and knowledge with Pakistan. Whenever you people talked of handing over 195 so called war criminals(a demand which itself is perpetuous at the least) and were asked for evidence, you never showed any. Is it because there just isnt any? You quote wikipedia for the number of troops surrendering! 93,000 soldiers! do you even have any idea how much of a force that is? There are 700 people in one battalion, 3 battalions in a brigade and three brigades in a division. There were 3 divisions in EP in 1971. Do the math yourself. There were at most, after including the services and other non arms related personnel, 45,000 men in uniform. I would say even less, since the units were in short strength because of the on-going civil war. Rest were all police, paramilitary, civil service officers and there families. Secondly, assuming every single man in uniform personally killed “innocent bengali civillians” the count comes down to (@3 million people) approx. 66 people killed by every single soldier. I dont think there is any need to say more!
    I would consider the research of Dr. Sharmilla Bose, the granddaughter of the legendary Bose, who says that the original claim of Bengladeshi govt. was 300,000 killed which was wrongly translated from bengali into english in 3 million. That itself is blown out of proportions. Pak Army never went into a killing rampage. I have met and talked to a number of ex-army men who were present there, and I can say with confidence that this is all a lie, a heinous propaganda to defame the Pak Army and to justify the birth of Bangladesh. The troops were isolated and stationed in units, who went out only to establish the writ of Govt. against thousands of Muktis. It is your muktis who were cruel and merciless, who would hide behind the civillians and kill anyone who dared to speak in favour of Pakistan, and mind you there were many. As they say, a lie told so often, often becomes the truth. Pak Army never went on a killing, raping, looting rampage. No question there must be a few individuals who got into these cruel crimes, but the 99% of army was disciplined and did not indulge in any such activities. It is a muslim army, not a hindu or facist nazi one.

  78. Mir Azam

    Mr. Usman Siddiqi,
    Care to show any international reports (non-Pakistani specifically) supporting your assertion? I do not buy your math. It is wishful thinking on your part.
    I have 2 members of my family die in the war, several others fought against the Pakistani army. The raid on Dhaka and the burning of the villages are true, the intellectual killings are true, just like international accounts state.
    Please read the official Pakistani report released a few years back, written by Justice Hamoodur Rahman in 1973-74 as the lead of the Pak commisssion investigating the ’71 defeat. While the extremely skewed numbers in that report are easily refutable through the international community, simple videotape and audiotape testimonies in that report tell you how ruthless the Pak. army was, and under orders from Niazi among others. That is, in your own govt’s admission, the W. Pak army ravaged through the country, willingly killing and looting the land. Please read that report for “admission” of systematic, organized, deliberate, order-driven killing and looting of the civilians.
    Scroll above to see some quotes from that report I presented in the past (June dates).
    Again, can you not give me your fuzzy math and instead refer to international sources please?
    e.g. the Associated Press quoted 3 million deaths, a stat which, however accurate or not in your opinion, you chose to ignore while you mention the wikipedia link about the soldier count suggesting it could be bogus. You also ignored the various human rights organizations’ data which support the wikipedia information, but you chose to ignore them.
    Is BBC news too stale for your taste too?
    “The Pakistani army surrendered at Dhaka and its army of more than 90,000 became Indian prisoners of war.”
    source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/south_asia/2002/india_pakistan/timeline/1971.stm
    Come armed with independent (of either W. Pak or B’desh) information, not with theories. Next thing I see maybe you will throw out the text in JHR’s commission report quoting Niazi, the person whom this forum intends to show respect to, on indisriminant killing orders.
    Talk about turning over war criminals? Pakistan has not yet apologized to Bangladesh for what they did. Do you think they were going to turn over criminals like Niazi? (if you want the list for several hundred Pak. army war criminals, sitting high enough in the military to he held accountable for deliberate planning of the genocide, I can send you that list.)
    My point has never been griping about the war, it has always been this (listen carefully please): if you try to honor a general who conducted an armed war against a defenseless civilian population, you will hear from me that it is unjustfied to do so, it dishonors the civilians who died…..and thus you will hear from me that Niazi is a monster, supported with evidence to validate my claim.
    In a nutshell, if you DO NOT honor a butcher like Niazi in a public forum, you hear nothing from me. But if you DO attempt to honor him …. I hope by now you understand my stand.

  79. ahmad

    All these claims based on fictitous figures are nonsense and 3 million figure which comes down to some 66 killings per soldier is absurd.
    In pakistan however, hammood-ur-rehman commission report couldn’t be made public up until recently. In a country like pakistan where any inquiry into army matters isnt quite possible, Gen Niazi have had been considered as one and the only one who was responsible for 1971 maters. I dont think any sane human being would buy into this, i wonder if few already do.

  80. ahmad

    Mr Mir i think someone here quite rightly pointed out that the sources you have quoted are of those who were in no positionl in orderto conduct any inquiry of their own, and its not their fault. It was bangladesh government that was responsible for conducting any such inquiry if anything they claim and you advocate infact did happen.

  81. Usman Khan

    Mr. Azam
    I think I have made myself pretty clear here. Who does the BBC quote when they say army of 90,000 POWs. I think this is the only part of the 1971 war, which is easily determinable with proof. I have earlier tried to tell how much a 3 division’s force strength is in numbers. It is undisputeable that there were around 45,000 Pak Army regulars and the rest were all either paramilitary forces, or razakars and people who had been employed as guards for safety of industrial installations and bridges. This has been misquoted at so many places, whereas from Pakistani accounts it has been clarified every time. Included in the number of POWs is also the police, beaurucrats and other civil officers, who were to be repatriated with Pakistan. Are you telling me that the entire East Pakistan 90,000 armymen no civil officers? or that they were abandoned after the war? The western sources that you mention all use the official Bangladeshi and Indian propaganda filled figures. There hasnt been a proper independent research to asertain the facts, and the only one that comes close to this is the new research of Sharmilla Bose. She is an Indian, and even she has said that there were very few instances of rape by Pakistani Army, no genocide as you would like to believe and that the claims of your country have been vastly exaggerated.
    My motive in showing the simple mathematics was to show you reason, and most literate men would comprehend after thinking a little bit. But then people who have been brainwashed to such an extent cannot be expected to apply their brains when told otherwise. You believe what you like to.

  82. Mir Azam

    -> Gen. Niazi is NOT the ONLY one responsible for the genocide, Yahya, Tikka, Forman, and many others share that bloodbath. However, this site is dedicated to Niazi, with him being the symbolic coward that Pakistan proved to be in 1971 with the unconditional surrender, only his part is mentioned here.

  83. Mir Azam

    -> My emphasis has never been ” 3 million dead and not one less than that,” it has always been, by most historian accounts (except for the criminals who did the killings and few of their sympathizers), millions died, tens of/hundreds of thousands raped, the whole country ravaged and looted, villages burnt, a desparate cowardly attempt to suffocate a nation by intellectual killings just days before the unconditional surrender — and this blog’s intended central person, Niazi, presiding over most of it from the scene of the crime. Don’t mind the numbers, just the fact that he is no hero, he’s a ruthless butcher with no dignity (something that this blog was created to bury and proclaim him as a hero).
    -> 66 killings per sooldier? 33? 45/25/15/50??? all meaningless numbers — the Pak army was a killing machine on an unarmed population. 93000 POWs with a soldier count of 90000/45000/60000/42438… ?? …. all meaningless numbers — fact: the army killed indiscrimantly, and when their barracks got surrounded, came out with their tails between their legs and laid down for the largest surrender since WW-II, fact: the Pak govt. never apologised for their aggression, fact: they have always tried to undermine their brutality, and now trying to glorify their blood-soaked coward generals.
    It wasn’t flowers and sweets that the Pak army came to Bangladesh with, as ANY tribute to Niazi would lead you to believe he’s such a brave general on Pakistani and human rights missions. Anybody applauding him rightly deserves a symbolic spanking with the whips of non-paki historical facts.

  84. atiq niazi

    Army makes the lion a cowered. niazi’s are great pashtoons and do not believe in surender. it was pakistan army who made him to surender.

  85. Khalid Khan

    What happened in 1971 was a tragedy, and cursing Niazi achieves nothing, since he was only a soldier sent on an impossible mission. The main culprits being Bhutto and Yahya. However my brothers dont’t you see how the enemies(INDIA) of muslims take advantage of our disunity. Yes we have only ourselves to blame for giving our enemies the oportunity to destroy us. But here muslim brothers are cursing each other while the Indians who “liberated” East Pakistan now treat Bangladesh with gross injustice. Let us wake up and see our real enemies.

  86. M TARIQ

    As a pakistani i hate the partition of pakistan. Bhutto & co was responsible , niazi was merely an order obeyer. bhutto and co should have accepted the will of the people and should have given the charge of the government to Sheikh Mujib.

  87. Mir Azam

    Logical and reasonable posters like Khalid Khan & M Tariq please understand that it is not Niazi that I “seek out” to curse, rather only when someone attemts to show him honor and respect for his life is when I point out that he deserves none for what he did in Bangladesh.

  88. Usman Khan

    Let me make it clear to Mr. Azam that I have no relation or acquaintance with this late man. However, what you bengalis seek out to say is nothing but pure lies and distortion of history. I have said it many times before and will say it now again that Pakistan Army was not out to kill random bengalis in East Pakistan. They were there to establish the writ of govt. against those who had taken up arms long before March 25th 1971. Would you want us to believe that the establishment of Mukti camps inside India, their dealings with the Indian army, etc. was all done after the night of March 25th? Is it not true and admitted by many of your fellow that there was RAW involvement with Awami League workers since a long time before and the contingency of Govt. crushing them down was all planned long before? How did this whole mayhem start? Is it not true that you bengali brethren had taken up arms and started ethnic cleansing of non-bengalis to evict them from East Pakistan? What do you expect the nation’s army to do in that situation? Would it not move forward to establish the writ of the govt.? Mr. Azam would probably not like to acknowledge how many non-bengalis had been murdered cold bloodedly by your angelic liberators even before the army moved in. It goes to the full credit of Pakistani Govt. of that time that no such incidents were publicized for fear of reprisal against the many bengalis living in West Pakistan. Was a single bengali killed in today’s Pakistan at that time to cleanse them out? Fact: Bengalis started this whole ethnic cleansing thing against non-bengalis with full support of their Indian benefactors and later blamed Pakistan for it! There is no doubt that once the civil war began, it began with full force and many excesses must have been committed, but not unilaterally by Pakistan Army, but by both sides. There was no genocide, it was a civil war. No troops were told to go and destroy houses and kill people and rape women, nor did all this happen as much as you people like to believe and declare.
    Pakistan lost the war, but they did not lose it to Bangladesh. For months your mukti friends tried as hard as they could, but met their fate against our army. It was only when you losers brought in your Indian benefactors that things went the other way. A lone corps of ill-equipped, battle fatigued 45,000 soldiers faced an army of over 300,000. There are few parallels in history of such desperate military situation, yet the Pakistani army continued to fight and would have done so till the end only if it had any useful purpose. The Indians are just doing to you people what you did to our lone soldiers.
    My Pakistani friends who you call more ‘rational’ put the whole blame on Bhutto and his coterie, but let us not forget that Sh. Mujib was an equal party to it. He was a fox, playing double games with both his own people and the govt. Not surprising that the man and everyone of his family members available was killed by his own armymen, whereas even Pakistani Army spared his life. At the end of the day, it serves us no purpose to continue fighting over what finished 35 years ago. Pakistan Army fought to maintain the integrity of the country. Bengalis fought for their ‘liberation’. Each side believe in what they were doing. Now that its all over, Bangladesh can go its own way… bon voyage!

  89. Amir

    Mr. Usman Khan has summarised this discussion well by saying “At the end of the day, it serves us no purpose to continue fighting over what finished 35 years ago. Pakistan Army fought to maintain the integrity of the country. Bengalis fought for their ‘liberation’. Each side believe in what they were doing. Now that its all over, Bangladesh can go its own way… bon voyage!”.
    I have been telling Mir Azam the same thing that bygone is bygone let us try to build bridges. However Mir Azam like thousands of other Bangali brothers are still fixated on this tragedy. We share the loss of life with them and they should share the loss of life of Biharis with us, but life goes on. Don’t just get fixated on one thing. It is very similar to some African American’s blaming slavery for all their ills. (I am not undermining what they have suffered) but nations don’t get stuck up on things. Let the guy (Niazi) rest wherever he is and what ever his fate will be, Allah knows only. Oscar Wilde once said ” All of us are in the gutters but some of us are looking at the stars”. Live your life and get on with it.

  90. Mir Azam

    Looks like some Pakistanis cannot admit even today to the genocide that Bhutto, Yahya & Co. committed. That’s not surprising, considering Pakistan was the criminal in this matter.
    To those who did not witness the mad ravaging of the people and the land, I would like to say, please don’t undermine the sufferings of the many crushed under the military monster.
    Mujib was the prime minister elect. The ones that played the game was the ruling Pakistani govt. and army who lost the trust of the people and lost the election, yet wouldn’t step aside. Let’s not blame Mujib for starting anything …. it was the will of the people that was denied by the Pakistani army and the defeated polticians.
    Bihari killings are never denied in Bangladesh history. But the many many many folds more killings of the Pak army, which BTW was locked in their barracks even after winning the numbers game of the dead but eventually losing the war, are denied by those who want to believe in the then politically defeated, desparate, power clinging regime and their army in the same bloody bed with them.
    The central theme of this blog is not to discuss the liberation war of Bangladesh or the civil war of Pakistan, it is to show a killer like Niazi respect; and countless pieces of history (not the pieces put forth by the perpetrators, but the ones recognized by the international community) point to the conclusion that Niazi was a scum of a general, a monster killer, and a shameless coward who bowed down as the biggest surrender since WW2.

  91. chan mongol

    In the begining of the war in 1971, the pak army under Gen.tikka khan considered the east pakistanis as “hindos” and hence they considered east pakistanis as enemies and their properties as enemy properties or ” gani-mat-ka- maal”.
    Without any doubt, they killed countless east pakistanis who un-willingly and ignorently broke curfews. Even, many mukti bahini killed their fellow country men(bangalee people) based on previous enemity .NObody recorded the numbers of innocent bangalees who got shot by mukti bahini!!! Nobody made comments of the dark action of the mukti bahini!!!!
    Anyway, many pak soldiers took advantages, broke military ethics and rules, they burnt houses and properties; they raped women in east pakistan as nothing could have stopped them.
    In the begining of the war in 1971, there was no law and order .In that war time, civilians lived in a state of lawlessness. But when General NIAZI took over the command we saw pak army started behaving, schools-colleges-offices opened up. Many mukti bahini started surrendering to the local military authorities. Niazi brought the situation under control. People got hope and they started living civic lives.
    Indian army got shocked in niazi’s success and good work and or reformation of the country. So,for them, it was “now or never”. Poor Niazi did not get any support from the west wing and or HQ. He did not have air power.India declared the war and hit the pak army by air. Air attacks killed tens of thousands of pak armies in water and and in land. After 16th dec. 1971 one could have seen countless Pak Aarmies in many shores of the islands on River Megna . Those countless soldiers seemed like dry fish whith their Khaki. Their wrists and fingers were cut to conviniently steal their jewleries. Indian airforce attacked and bombed on pak army in every where. Who ever lived and could have reached to dhaka and or stayed in secured areas, got a chance to live as POW of 90,000 soldiers.
    General Niazi should not be criticized for any wrong doings. In his action he intended to save lives. He was not a coward but a brave man who alone took good care of his men without the support from the AHQ of Pakistan. His seniors in the army betrayed him, China did not help him, neither USA to boldly stage a fight with one of the modern and largest Indian Army. His deed was admirable. He did the right thing to take care care of the people of bangladesh in providing a peaceful situation there and he protected his fellow soldiers from being killed by Indian Air attack.
    None should hold him responsible for the genocide in east pakistan.Genocide occured in East Pakistan before Niazi took over. He, in fact, stopped further genocide after he commissioned as the commander.

  92. Chan MONGOL

    In the begining of the war in 1971, the pak army under Gen.tikka khan considered the east pakistanis as “hindos” and hence they considered east pakistanis as enemies and their properties as enemy properties or ” gani-mat-ka- maal”.
    Without any doubt, they killed countless east pakistanis who un-willingly and ignorently broke curfews. Even, many mukti bahini killed their fellow country men(bangalee people) based on previous enemity .NObody recorded the numbers of innocent bangalees who got shot by mukti bahini!!! Nobody made comments of the dark action of the mukti bahini!!!!
    Anyway, many pak soldiers took advantages, broke military ethics and rules, they burnt houses and properties; they raped women in east pakistan as nothing could have stopped them.
    In the begining of the war in 1971, there was no law and order .In that war time, civilians lived in a state of lawlessness. But when General NIAZI took over the command we saw pak army started behaving, schools-colleges-offices opened up. Many mukti bahini started surrendering to the local military authorities. Niazi brought the situation under control. People got hope and they started living civic lives.
    Indian army got shocked in niazi’s success and good work and or reformation of the country. So,for them, it was “now or never”. Poor Niazi did not get any support from the west wing and or HQ. He did not have air power.India declared the war and hit the pak army by air. Air attacks killed tens of thousands of pak armies in water and and in land. After 16th dec. 1971 one could have seen countless Pak Aarmies in many shores of the islands on River Megna . Those countless soldiers seemed like dry fish whith their Khaki. Their wrists and fingers were cut to conviniently steal their jewleries. Indian airforce attacked and bombed on pak army in every where. Who ever lived and could have reached to dhaka and or stayed in secured areas, got a chance to live as POW of 90,000 soldiers.
    General Niazi should not be criticized for any wrong doings. In his action he intended to save lives. He was not a coward but a brave man who alone took good care of his men without the support from the AHQ of Pakistan. His seniors in the army betrayed him, China did not help him, neither USA to boldly stage a fight with one of the modern and largest Indian Army. His deed was admirable. He did the right thing to take care care of the people of bangladesh in providing a peaceful situation there and he protected his fellow soldiers from being killed by Indian Air attack.
    None should hold him responsible for the genocide in east pakistan.Genocide occured in East Pakistan before Niazi took over. He, in fact, stopped further genocide after he commissioned as the commander.

  93. chan mongol

    East Pakistani immoral and low class Bengali thugs cut the breasts of many bihari women. The dark skinned bengali rapists raped Bihari women with extreme lust and desire only because they were light skinned and pretty. You know by nature human beings like opposite sex, color and almost everything.So did those Thugs Bahini in the dark months of 1971.
    Those thugs killed many biharis considering them as punjabis. Those low lives did not understand the difference between bihari and punjabi. Their cruelty to the un-armed and helpless biharis should have been recorded as genocide too.
    Miscreants did not know that citizens of bangla, bihar and uressa lived under one federation, even during nobab siraz ud daullah.All shared almost similar food, agriculture, culture, clothes, religion and what not. Biharis were hard working and peace like people but their fate gave the the worst nightmere and misfortune for generations.
    Houses of biharis were burnt, women were raped, men were killed in a sizable number during partition and during the ’65 war. Those poor and miserable people became homeless and were forced to come to our doors near Meghna, Padma(ganges) and Jamuna. They rendered valuable service to our society and taught our people about industry and technical jobs. They were better people and no doubt about it. They started living better than Bangalis. But our mentally ill, and criminals got jealous at them in the ten lawless society of 1971.
    Their mights and majority in number turned them like savages. They started killing biharies. Such news reached to the Army and amongst many swore to take revenge. Bengalis turned to be criminals and miscreants and that’s why many did not want their so called lawless and corrupted freedom and got divided.
    However, wrong treatment from both Pak army and bengali THUGs Bahini was un-ethical.Also, in both parties, many were nicer human beings. I believe Mr. Niazi was one of them. May almighty bless his soul.

  94. chan mongol

    East Pakistani immoral and low class Bengali thugs cut the breasts of many bihari women. The dark skinned bengali rapists raped Bihari women with extreme lust and desire only because they were light skinned and pretty. You know by nature human beings like opposite sex, color and almost everything.So did those Thugs Bahini in the dark months of 1971.
    Those thugs killed many biharis considering them as punjabis. Those low lives did not understand the difference between bihari and punjabi. Their cruelty to the un-armed and helpless biharis should have been recorded as genocide too.
    Miscreants did not know that citizens of bangla, bihar and uressa lived under one federation, even during nobab siraz ud daullah, in peace and harmony.All shared almost similar food, agriculture, culture, clothes, religion and what not. Biharis were hard working and peace like people but their fate gave the the worst nightmere and misfortune for generations.Which Bangla man will dare to deny the contribution of biharis in buildings, roads,factories,education etc.etc.
    Houses of biharis were burnt, women were raped, men were killed in a sizable number during and prior to partition of 1947 and during 1965 war. The riot between hindu and muslim can no way be denied. Those poor and miserable people became homeless and were forced to come to our doors near Meghna, Padma(ganges) and Jamuna. They rendered valuable service to our society and taught our people about industry and technical jobs. They were better people and no doubt about it. They started living in better standard than Bangalis. But our mentaly ill, and criminals got jealous at them in the then lawless society of 1971.Our beasts like hosts relentlessly mistreated the most suffering refugee BIHARIS. In Europe and in USA the host countries have been treating our third class people as in laws but this people do not realize how inhumanely they tortured the Bihari people and as of yet none is saying…SORRY!
    Their mights and majority in number turned them like savages. They started killing biharies. Such news reached to the Army and amongst many swore to take revenge in their roll calls.
    None wanted to up lift bengalis, neither the Jaminders and nor the Bengali Politicians. Bengali Politicians proved to be twisted stereo type who always misled their own people in lies and in cheap emotion.
    Bengalis turned to be criminals and miscreants and that’s why many did not want their so called lawless and corrupted freedom and got divided.
    However, wrong treatment from both Pak army and bengali THUGs Bahini was un-ethical.Also, in both parties, many were nicer human beings. I believe Mr. Niazi was one of them. May almighty bless his soul.

  95. chan mongol

    East Pakistani immoral and low class Bengali thugs cut the breasts of many bihari women. The dark skinned bengali rapists raped Bihari women with extreme lust and desire only because they were light skinned and pretty. You know by nature human beings like opposite sex, color and almost everything.So did those Thugs Bahini in the dark months of 1971.
    Those thugs killed many biharis considering them as punjabis. Those low lives did not understand the difference between bihari and punjabi. Their cruelty to the un-armed and helpless biharis should have been recorded as genocide too.
    Miscreants did not know that citizens of bangla, bihar and uressa lived under one federation, even during nobab siraz ud daullah, in peace and harmony.All shared almost similar food, agriculture, culture, clothes, religion and what not. Biharis were hard working and peace like people but their fate gave the the worst nightmere and misfortune for generations.Which Bangla man will dare to deny the contribution of biharis in buildings, roads,factories,education etc.etc.
    Houses of biharis were burnt, women were raped, men were killed in a sizable number during and prior to partition of 1947 and during 1965 war. The riot between hindu and muslim can no way be denied. Those poor and miserable people became homeless and were forced to come to our doors near Meghna, Padma(ganges) and Jamuna. They rendered valuable service to our society and taught our people about industry and technical jobs. They were better people and no doubt about it. They started living in better standard than Bangalis. But our mentaly ill, and criminals got jealous at them in the then lawless society of 1971.Our beasts like hosts relentlessly mistreated the most suffering refugee BIHARIS. In Europe and in USA the host countries have been treating our third class people as in laws but this people do not realize how inhumanely they tortured the Bihari people and as of yet none is saying…SORRY!
    Their mights and majority in number turned them like savages. They started killing biharies. Such news reached to the Army and amongst many swore to take revenge in their roll calls.
    None wanted to up lift bengalis, neither the Jaminders and nor the Bengali Politicians. Bengali Politicians proved to be twisted stereo type who always misled their own people in lies and in cheap emotion.
    Bengalis turned to be criminals and miscreants and that’s why many did not want their so called lawless and corrupted freedom and got divided.
    However, wrong treatment from both Pak army and bengali THUGs Bahini was un-ethical.Also, in both parties, many were nicer human beings. I believe Mr. Niazi was one of them. May almighty bless his soul.

  96. Tarek Kalam

    I don’t think we should blame Naizi solely and the blame goes to the whole Pakistani Milatary Junta including President Yahya Yahya Khan who ordered the crack down breaking all promises!!! Unfortunately, poor Niazi was sitting like an injured duck doing a wrong job in the wrong place and at a wrong time!!! Allah know the best..

  97. Mir Azam

    Well, we have a historian in our hands, Mr. Chan Mongol it seems like. Let me make a few observations:
    -> He must be speaking from a large lonely place because there are multiple echos of his own posts everywhere.
    -> He likes to make racist comments, obvious in his dark-skinned-thug and light-skinned-pretty references. Racist comments are generally made by racists and bigots; whether he is one or not can only be judged by those who know him. But mind it that if any such thoughts ever came to action by anybody, he/she would be committing a crime against human rights. Those people need a good dose of buttkicking under international human rights laws if ever found.
    -> He likes to make references to events and expects everyone to simply “trust his words” on those matters. Never mind the facts as stated in historic documents (please see my earlier references on this matter). …. No thanks, bigotted remarks accompanied by attempts to portray historic events without cross references are as nutritious as the final product of the digestive system.
    -> He believes that the 1971 war broke out because of the sectarian/racial/religious tensions among people. Why bother talking about the December 1970 Election, the games w/ the parliament following; and why bother remembering the “peace talks” that Yahya came to Dhaka for? No matter the unleashing of an army on a civilian population! Why let facts get in the way when we have the great source of truth Mr. Chan Mongol telling us his holy scriptures?
    -> Apparantly, the documented atrocities by Niazi (pls see earlier references, at least look at the one by Pak govt. which put as much good light on the matter as they could …. yes, even that report) can be ignored because he is such a noble man. Wait, who said that? Yes, Mr. Chan Mongol did from his personal knowledge of events.
    -> You can choose to save your own life out of fear of death as the commander of an entire fighting army (who never personally fought in combat w/ either the Mukti Bahini or the Indian Army but only sent his men out to kill and/or die), be a symbol of embarrassment to an entire Pakistani nation and the humanity in general by unconditionally surrendering, instead of refusing and choosing to die, and finally turn in his gun in symbol of becoming a POW general, and still be considered a hero …… well at least, in Mr. Chan Mongol’s eyes.
    Mr. Chan Mongol, except for the racist, bigotted remarks, ANY unsubstantiated or corroborated descriptions of historical events, discussing the actual political reasons for the ’71 war, or discussing the atrocities documented by the individual for whom this blog is for according to international and even the Pak govt., prmoting the notion that choosing to live and becoming the symbol of failure and embarrassment for an entire nation over death as a “heroic” accomplishment — except for these minor deviations from conventional wisdom and the truth ….. you’re a great historian !!
    Why let facts get in the way?

  98. MIRZA UMAIR ALI SIDDIQUE

    I AM VIEWING THIS SITE AFTER ABOUT 5 MONTHS AND SAW THAT mr mir azam has posted some wrong and pointless posts i suggest him not to forget me and continue the e-mail discussion and advice him to place all our conversation so far on this blog for public views, and if he hesitates in doing so i will place them myself and i also advice him not to forget me. i was queit so far only because of internet cable disconnectivity at my home’
    regards,
    MIRZA UMAIR ALI SIDDIQUE
    FORGET ME NOT!!!

  99. HTM

    This case was similar to the history, we had before that fall and after that event. Gen. Niazi was victim of Usual Pakistani politics. I feel, his book cleary communicates the events that took place at that time. There is no doubt in truthfulness of this book keeping in view our army and politicians role in Past & Present.
    He went in East Pakistan in April. So he was not responsible for the March 25 situation. It was TIKKA Khan.
    He was a soldier who fought till the last day instead of fleeing. So Great soldiers should be honoured.

  100. AMAN ULLAH JHELUMI

    NO DOUBT NIAZI WAS TIGER BUT THERE ARE MANY STEPS IN THE TIGER LIFE WHEN HE CONFUSED,THAT HAPPENED WITH GENERAL TIGER .BUT HIS SURRENDER STEP IS NOT SKIPING STEP IN THE HISTORY OF THE PAK ARMY EVEN IN WHOLE MUSLIMS HISTORY. HE WAS BRAVE
    BUT HE WAS NOT THE RULER OF PAKISTAN .ALLAH MAY BLESS HIM .HIS STEPS ARE HIGHLY CONDEMEDABLE

  101. MA Niazi

    I knew the man, I will not involve my self in Politics, all I will say is that GOD is the supreme Judge and he shall judge us all. I have read some of the comments on this blog, all I can say is that People have been citing Academic and Bibliographic sources to justify their outbursts; however the facts on the grounds were rather different, although the playing of the “victim card” may be justified in certain circumstances past and present events have shown that Military intervention can have a detrimental impact on Human Rights of the indigenous population of the conflict theater.
    Some may say General Niazi brought shame on the Dynasty of the Niazi’s however he carried out his duties; after all he was a puppet in a far bigger game of Geo-Politics.
    In closing when people look at Gen. Niazi and use words such as “Holocaust”
    During the Boer War the British Killed some: 6,000-7,000 Boer soldiers, 20,000-28,000 Boer civilians and perhaps 20,000+ Black Africans.
    During the Korean War the Chinese and North Koreans suffered some 1,858,000 to 3,822,000 Casualties. South Korean military and police, often with U.S. military knowledge and without trial, executed tens of thousands of alleged “communist sympathizers” during incidents like the Daejeon and Jeju Massacres. The bodies of these civilians were often dumped into mass graves.
    In 1976 with the Soweto Riots, when mass protests erupted over the government’s policy to enforce education in Afrikaans rather than English. Police opened fire in Orlando West on 10,000 students marching from Naledi High School to Orlando Stadium, and in the events that unfolded, 566 people died.
    During the Armenian genocide 1915-1918 casualties are estimated to be 1.2 million to 1.5 million (Source: Ottoman Gazette Takvimi Vekâyi No. 3909).
    More recent yet historic operations have resulted in the deaths of an Estimated 3,000,000 Vietnamese Civilians “Vietnam War”, the armed conflict in Congo has been responsible for 3.8 million deaths, whilst in East Timor, an estimated 200,000 out of a population of 800,000 died in conflict.
    In the operation for Mogadishu an Estimated 2000 people mostly civillians were killed allegeldy due to millitnants using them as human shileds. In the 2002 report by Professor Marc Herold University of New Hampshire quoted as saying: Nearly 3,800 Afghans died between 7 October and 7 December of that year.
    In the recent hostilities between Isreal and Lebanon an estamated 1,233+ civilians were killed and more than 1,000,000 were displaced.
    A recent report in the British Medical Journal “The Lancet” was cited as saying: that War has wiped out about 655,000 Iraqis or more than 500 people a day since the U.S.-led invasion.
    The point I am trying to make in this argument is not one of defending the actions of the Pakistan Army under the direction of General Niazi but offering a platform for constructive debate on the idea of military conflict and its affect on the indigenous civilian population.
    History has shown us that in Military conflict it is the civilians that suffer the most in the Second World War Estimated 30497000 civilians perished in the hostilities.
    The very point of trying to integrate human rights with military operations is contradictory as military operations are designed to be hostile in nature, selective targeting and combatant discrimination has been tried however with very little success as munitions are designed for one thing and one thing only to “Kill and destroy”. Whilst many would argue that the conflict in E. Pakistan now Bangladesh was a Police action, we have seen from similar historical operations “Korea, Iraq and South Africa” that such operations have a very strong detrimental impact on the local community/indigenous population.

  102. Mir Azam

    Surprisingly objective perspective here from Mr. MA Niazi. I don’t know if you are related to AAK Niazi or not, but if you are, it is even more commendable that there is no blind defense of the “actions” taken during military operations.
    While military operations are brutal and ruthless at times, those who join the military have an honorable pledge to protect their home country. Having said that, those in the military should not be devoid of self conscience and thus, I believe, the Pakistani commanding generals of the 1971 Independence struggel of Bangladesh should have listened to the voice of the people and force, if they had to use force, the change of government instead of forcing death and destruction on Bangladesh.
    That is what makes Gen. Niazi an evil man (along with others like Tikka Khan, Forman Ali, etc.) as opposed to an honorable soldier/leader. The principle based on which they attacked the Bangladeshi civilians were wrong — they did it to enforce a power clutch against the election, and they stomped on unarmed civilians.
    Not arguing over the ruthlessness of war. But the premise of the 1971 war was one of oppression and brutality against the voice of the people broadcasted through a nationwide election.
    That caused the birth of Bangladesh, and the defeat of Pakistan. That sinister principle behind the war caused Niazi to be a monster as opposed to a hero.
    One clarification, Niazi is specifically stressed here because this blog unjustifiably tries to honor him.

  103. Proud Bengali

    Niazi was a womanizer, pervert, rapist, drunkard and murderer. Alhamdulilah, thanks to Allah we defeated the West Pakistanis despite all the aid they recieved from the USA including the Zionist secretary of state, Henry Kissinger.
    Bangladesh is a free country now, a proud Muslim country and not one where Sunnis and Shias are killing each other (Sipah i Sahaba) or the MQM is fighting its enemies, or women like Mukhtaran Mai are being raped. It is good that the Muslim people of Bangladesh defeated the Shias and US-backed Pakistani politicians in 1971.
    LONG LIVE ISLAM!
    LONG LIVE BANGLADESH!

  104. Shaukat

    Its a matter of shame and disgrace to surrender for a soldier to a enemy but it is worst to autocrate against your own people and nation,what happened in 1971 is a matter of shame and i feel obligated to extended my deepest regrets and appology to my brothern bangladeshies,innocant people in west are no better under the regin and suffering.Gen Naizi no matter what shall be remembered as the looser in uniform and thats the worst disgrace any one can have,but remember the curse from our common enemy

  105. Shuaib

    I am from Pakistan (West,
    We must admit that we were wrong to implement the wishes of western half on a majority eastern half. We must admit that we are the one who started this “independence movement”. We must admit that we did not allow the majority rule after the election, we must admit that we killed millions of our brothrens in the east,to implement what we thought was right and told the brothers to go to hell if they did not want it.
    we must ask ourselves if there would be a Bangladesh if:
    we were a truely democratic socoiety and put the things in proper prospective,and admit that majority is the authority.
    Asking forgiveness from east/Bangladesh is not enough, we should prove w/our actions our regrets, give them what they must have from what we own now by dictation, show our love for them.
    They will return love w/ love.
    To me there is no East pak. now, we lost it and there is no one to blame other than us(West).
    Still there will always be a flicker of love and joint sacrifices that were given to create Pakistan as a whole some 60 years ago. Like UAE may be one day we can be UPB or UBP–united pakistan bandladesh or united bangladesh paksistan.
    With Love from West Pakistan.

  106. khan

    I tribute to the great ‘Tiger General’ Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi and May Allah rest his soul in peace. The surrender he did in 1971 was a part of his obligations, as he was directed by the high command to do so. The people killed in the war in East Pakistan by Pak Army was not the correct way of doing so. This was a triangular game among Z. A. Butto, I. Gandhi and S. Mujeeb just for their five years (less or more) of lives. As I read about 3 million people were killed in East Pakistan who were our brothers and sisters, but what can we do now, we can pray for their souls to be in Paradise. And I would request the Pakistani authorities to gift the left over 3 million Biharis in compensation to the state of Bangladesh so that there is no reduction in the population due to 1971 war’s killing.

  107. Abdullah Khan

    calling out khan (poster of october 21,2007):
    Your posting is either hypocratic or ignorantly irresponsible. The last sentence of your posting indicates either your bad taste or inadequacy in expressing yourself in english language. People can’t be ‘left over’ brother. If people can be left over, I would propose you be counted first as so. Please take great care in future posting so that you don’t hurt others’ feeligns and dignities as human beings knowlingly or unkowingly. I feel ashamed for people like you that I bear the same last name like you and the much talked about person-the object of this blog of death. Amen!

  108. Hasan Shahriar

    Bastard Niazi
    being a muslim how kud u do ths to innocent bengali civilians?? because of ppl like u the word “paki” has been included in english.Personally i’m not against Pak ppl specially present generation but shame on those who still praise Niazi – the vulture. I wish and pray that he is burning in the hell along with Tikka, Yahhia and other mastermind behind the Genocide in Bangladesh. To the pakis who don’t know much about the genocide, plz come to Bangladesh and have a look wht your bastard soldiers (so called muslim soldiers of a Islamic country…wht a joke!!)did in 1971.

  109. pakistani

    I am sorry for all the crimes commited against citizens of east pakistan by the soldiers of west pakistan. The cimes of people of west pakistan created bangladesh.

  110. Ahmad,Cornell University

    Gen. Niazi(1915-2004) was born to a pashtun family in Punjab province, he joined the British Indian Army as junior young officer in 1942 and fought the World WarII well. During this conflict he was awarded the prestigious Military Cross by the British Army and he was nicknamed “Tiger” by his superior British officer for his prowess in battle against the Japanese forces. His Military Cross was earned along the border with Burma, where according to British higher command he displayed great leadership, judgement, quick-thinking and calmness.
    He would join the newly-formed Pakistani Army after independence in 1947 and quickly rose through the ranks, earning various awards including the Hilal-i-Jurat twice. He commanded 5 Punjab during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, 14 Para Brigade during operations in Kashmir and Sialkot, and martial law administrator of Karachi and Lahore. By 1971 he had reached the rank of Lieutenant-General.
    But the 1971 conflict will change his whole public image both in Pakistan and Bangladesh, he was made the scape-goat in Pakistan for conceding defeat to the Indian, and he is loathed to the extreme by the Bengalis for the atrocities.

  111. Ahmad, cornell university

    A SINGLE day in the life of Lieutenant-General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi of Pakistan overshadowed a distinguished career and cast a pall over the rest of his life. On December 16, 1971, Niazi, as commander of the Eastern Command, signed the surrender document that ended the 1971 war between India and Pakistan in East Pakistan (Bangladesh). That moment made him a focus for India’s triumphalism, Bangladesh’s hatred for West Pakistan and Pakistan’s humiliation.
    In the bitter break-up of Pakistan the public forgot that as a young officer in the British Indian Army, Niazi had won an on-the-spot Military Cross for exceptional bravery after action on June 11, 1944, in the Kekrima area of the Assam-Burma front.
    That spring, the 14th Army under General Slim had halted the advance of the Japanese at the battle of Imphal and elsewhere in bitterly fought actions along the Burma front.
    Describing Niazi’s gallantry in the citation for the MC, his commanding officers wrote at length of his judgment about the best course of action, which they accepted, his skill in taking the enemy completely by surprise, as well as his personal leadership of his men, coolness under fire, ability to change tactics, create diversions, extricate his wounded and withdraw his men. At the Bauthi-Daung tunnels, Niazi impressed his commanding officers so much that they wanted to award a DSO. He was, however, too junior. A “mention” had to suffice.
    The nickname “Tiger” was given him by Brigadier D. F. W. Warren, commander of 161 Infantry Brigade, after a ferocious fight with the Japanese.
    After independence Niazi became a highly decorated general in the Pakistan Army, twice receiving Pakistan’s highest military honour, the Hilal-e-Jurat. When he was sent to East Pakistan in April 1971, General Tikka Khan had already launched a brutal crackdown against Bengali rebels. Niazi condemned this but was saddled with the consequences: mutiny among Bengali regiments, a totally hostile population and Pakistan’s tarnished reputation.
    Yet, in a couple of months under him the Eastern Command systematically regained the territory, creating the opportunity for a political settlement — though none was ever achieved.
    Instead Niazi and his men found themselves fighting a protracted guerrilla war against Bengalis, aided by India and eventually involved in a full-scale war with India. The small, battle-weary Eastern Command, cut off from headquarters, with meagre resources, put up a valiant fight against India’s overwhelming might, but the outcome of such a contest was never in doubt. Pakistan’s failure to secure external assistance or UN intervention sealed its fate.
    Niazi’s reputation as a “soldier’s general” lasted to the end. After spending two years as a prisoner of war in India, he was the last to cross the border after the repatriation of prisoners. He then found himself vilified in his own country for losing the war with India.
    His requests for a court martial to clear his name were never granted. He was removed from the army and stripped of pensions, without trial. When he entered politics to try to be heard, he was jailed.
    Niazi was born in a Pathan family in Punjab. He lived his last years quietly in Lahore. His memoir, The Betrayal of East Pakistan, was published in 1998.
    His wife predeceased him. He is survived by their five children.
    Lieutenant-General A. A. K. Niazi, HJ & Bar, MC, Pakistan commander, was born in 1915. He died on February 1, 2004, aged 89.
    [Top]

  112. Rao

    It is very easy to finger-point, but it is very hard to admit your own fault. What happened in East pakistan was a genocide, no doubt about it. But puttting the death toll in the millions is gross exaggeration. It was the Bengalis (collaborators of the west pakistani forces) murders and the rape commited themselves.
    Now its time that the Bengalis admit their own crimes, who will forget the rape of Bihari girls by the coal faced Bengalis.

  113. Sam

    Calling Rao,so you dont beleive millions of bengalis were killed by Paki army in Bangladesh in 1971.Ya you will believe Hamoodur Rahmans Commisssion report of only 25000 killed .Lets not go into millions,say 100,000 Bengalis killed in 9 months,even this figure will show how blood thirsty were Paki army killers.Shameless Islamic soldiers killing innocent unarmed people and you people audacity of talking about Islam.
    Some of your people still posting praises of that fat goat Niazi.oh what a brave soldier? Ya fought like a great soldier and then surrendere to the Indian and Bangladesh Forces.If he was a great soldiers he should have died fighting.No he doesnt do that,because he did have the guts to that,because he was afraid of death,he was afraid that if he fell in the hands of Mukti Bahini forces he would be butchered for his crimes.He was no Shahibzada Yakub or Air Cdr
    Miti Masud who had the guts to speakout against Yahya and his killer generals who opted for the genocide in Bangladesh.where was then your brave soldier Niazi? Bloody coward .
    Stp posting these praises for that clown Niazi!!
    He is a disgrace .I dont condone the killing of the innocent Biharis who were killed by thugs you claim. it is very sad,but to say that bengalis killed were done by Paki collaborators as you claim is bullshit. After 36 years of history of the carenage people likes of you will remain in the gutters that your mental cavity cannot accept.Open your eyes and admit your bloody blunders of 1971.
    .
    thr
    A
    air
    rahman

  114. Ashiq

    Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi = coward, lead troops which into a country full of warm-hearted patriotic fighters with nothing but a “lunghi”, a scruffy bandana and a rifle that they scrimaged from paki soldiers or other sources. He surrendered, what a surprise, coward should have fought and lost the innocent lives which his country already caused which were of 3 million in Bangladesh, shame on him and all who adorn. He deserves to be shamed, why should a coward general be praised for leading an army which was fighting a country of disadvantaged patriots, muslim fighting other muslims….encouraged by his beloved Yahya… scum. Betrayal of East Pakistan published by that scum…betrayal, lucky the bangalis let him leave the country alive unlike some of the paki rapist soldiers who the freedom fighters caught and publicly smashed their heads with stones….shame on those dirty soldiers who came to innocent Bangladesh and treated it like nothing, rounding up all the educated and killing the scholars, doctors and teachers so that the country would have to rebuild again. For shame on a country who would do this. FOR SHAME!

  115. Waheed Khan Niazi

    I have read most of the comments and it is sad to see that we have not learnt anything at all in 60 years. We are still blaming individuals. We dont look at what we(as a nation (east and west))have done.
    Muslims fighting Muslims and killing eachother. Muslims fighting for independence with eachother. What is this crazyness? or what?
    Comeon, wake up, start loving eachother rather than hating eachother. You used to be part of one Pakistan and few stupid men did something horrible to make you hate eachother. Beyond language and looks we are still ONE.
    I am not judging anyone as I was not there to judge, so I can only say we can still love and be good muslim brothers and sisters while living in our countries.

  116. Zulqarnin abbasi

    indeed late gernal nazi is great solder of pak army even when he was in britsh army britsh also call him tiger i like nazi my wish of life to meet him but great loss he pass away

  117. gravtic

    he was really mistaken ,he especially got recommedion from general ,Rahnee ,he went there to loot and smalling many thing plus he was rapper.he supposed to face a trial and sanctioned much more.he was a natourios and unbeliver.hope and pray to God he must go to hill forever.he was kaffar

  118. sam

    Yes Mr W K Niazi you dont have to wake Bangladeshis, it is you people who should open your eyes and condemn murderous Paki army led by those Punjabis and Pushtons bastards for the genocide. even now we find ex-Pakistani criminal brigadiers who were in the east pakistan in 1971 defend their actions and those bloody cowards,not one of them admit the atrocities against the Bengalis.
    Pakistan was not broken by few people as you claim,dont manipulate the history,in 1971 cowards in the garb of so called the educated elites fully supported the Pak army genocide in east Pakistan.Now those cowards are behind the curtains and now claims they did not know the real truth beecause of the gov propaganda machines.
    If God forbid the Paki army would have succeeded in enslaving the Bengalis , those bunch of Pakistanis i would say 90%of West Pakistanis would have hailed their armys murderous genocide.!!!! Bengali deaths didnt matter to them.Bloody hypocrates,who talk about Islam in every third word, but did not have the guts to condemn those Paki soliers who raped Bengali women in laks, in Bangladeshin 1971.
    I still find people in the webs calling their coward bum called Niazi !!!! as a tiger. I have read his book called the THE BETRAYEL OF EAST PAKISTAN,what a rotten book!!! anybody who can read and understand english,would be puzzled.
    Yes puzzled,?? you know why ??Because in the book that scoundrel niazi had the brain of a genius,he was could forsee all the events that led to the surrender of his forces in east Pakistan. That clown claimed in his book that seperation of east pakistan was all planned in the GHQ, his forces were outnumbered by 10:1 by the Indian Army and Mukti Bahini forces.
    In the Youtube videos you see that clown was claiming he would fight to the last.Bloody clown after the cowardly surrender of his murderous criminal army,puts the blame to Yahya and Bhutto ?? Nobody in the world could save them , that clowns supply of arms was stopped, because India closed the airspace for the Pakistanis .
    Could’nt this clown niazi forsee this ?? their defeat was imminent ,any sencible person could see this in 1971 ,only this ” Duffer” called niazi did not. and yet you find lots of his stupid admirers who still thinks he was a tiger,sure I agree, he was a “Paper Tiger”!!!! 100%.We Bengalis have taught them a lesson ,they will never forget those guirillas who ambushed them everywhere in Bangladesh,which niazi and his hordes never could believe their own eyes.
    When in august 1971 the mukti Bahini guirillas were launching and blasting the heavily armed Pakistani chk posts in Dhaka it proved to Niazi that his forces that their days were numbered,even then that clown niazi was thinking of last minute stand .
    That clown niazi could have saved his neck and respect even he could have negotiated a peaceful solution,by going public of the real true picture in east pakistan,even if he would have lost his post?? But the real fact is , he was a bloody coward,and thats it.He was not material to command an army when it was forseen that entire population except few thousands pakistani razakars were supporting his forces.
    Mr W K Niazi as long as Pakistan does not Govt fully apologised for the genocide in 1971,you will not find any positive response from the Bangladeshis .When any Pakistani who talks of Muslims brotherhood we find it so distasteful,it reminds us of the filthy faces of Paki soldiers of 1971.We Bangladeshis are God fearing Mulsims,we dont misuse the name of Islam in killing ,raping,looting as was done shamelessly by Paki army in east pakistan in 1971. We dont like specially Pakistanis reminding us of Islamic brotherhood,rather they should learn from us how in our December 2008 Elections results ,we have completely routed the party who tried to play with relgiion once again.

  119. ednan

    East Pakistan and West Pakistan should not have been one country, they were too different, both geaographically and culturally, this was a blunder by Mohammad Ali Jinnah. East Pakistan should have been made independent after 1947

  120. SAM

    I just came accross this web BLOGS OF DEATH for a clown called a a k niazi, the murderer of Bengalis in east pakistan in 1971.
    I kept the whole website in my computer memory.What this clown wrote a book name ‘THE BETRAYEL OF EAST PAKISTAN’.If anyone who have a knowledge of Pakistan armys murderous orgy in east pakistan in 1971,of course not like many of the Pakistani in this website who still supports it would be shocking.
    You know why ?? Because what that clown wrote in the book, is only self praise and massive lies, that clown pretended he knew everything about the outcome of the famous pakistan armys shameless surrender at Dhaka race course on 16th Dec 1971.It was planned before.
    To defend his ignonimous defeat he blamed everyone except him,bloody lier.He claimed his forces were outnumbered by 10:1 ratio,all Bengalis were against him,his poor intelligence and what not!! besides he had the brain of the greatest political thinker, general who had all the solutions for the political chaos created ( By his bloody bosses in Islamabad).
    Now when you see the youtube videos of that clown now,it makes me laugh,because in the videos just before his surrender he clalimed he would fight to the end.Pakistani never lost a battle with India !!you dont see that clown that he had so many millitary problems then !!
    what happended to all those gutsy words.I stlill enjoy reading the posts by our Bangladeshi brothers blasting away at the clowns who still thinks that Niazi was a great soldier and of course a “the great paper tiger.”
    The truth now is known,his bloody army was already batterd by the Muklti Bahini guirillas,it was a matter of time that killers of niazi would have been forced to flee the then east pakistan before The Indian army joined the battle.The clown niazi by writing this rotten book of his had exposed him as the bigggest coward,why ??? he did not have the guts to resign,or face the court martial tell the truth of his actual position then.If he had done that ,today his position would have been different. But as he was a lapdog of yahya and the other pakis like tikka,gul hasan,akbar khan,peerzada ,hamid and many more coward pakis who supported him . He chose to remain as a coward and in annals of millitary history his place is secured as a coward who led his animals in the most vicious bloody orgy against the Bengalis in 1971.
    SAM
    t
    71 .

  121. S. Rayhan

    I am surprised that there are individuals that are willing to give General Niazi credit and willing to forgive him. Was he not a leader? The characteristics of a leader is to lead, which was exactly what he did. to say that he was only following orders is denying the deaths, rapes, lootings, even the burning of all the currency before the war to rob Bangladesh for its means to provide for itself after the war. is this the man that is being accredited for being a good soldier and one of esteemed ethics and moral values. I think not. I feel like I am reading comments about RAJAKAR’s again 38 years later. Did you not do your homework. Did you not see the pictures and the videos and all other reference material out there. Just step out of your comfort zone for a little time and open your eyes to the real picture. It will enlighten you to the truth, the atrocities that were caused and the person who had power to stopped it, instead took pleasure in these atrocities as well.

  122. Sabbir Ahamed

    !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    I m amazed!!
    How can u judge someone from the reference he provided?!!!!!
    For god’s sake, pakistani peoples R u really that dumb?!!!!
    He was a pure cold blooded bustard.
    How do u want to consider him a brave soldier, after fighting CIVILIANS?!!!!
    For gods sake look at urself.
    When i see news about u, believe me or not everytime i say myself the same thing again and again. “THANX GOD”, we separated.
    Some of u quoted something like “FEW mistakes””FEW” “FEW””dont hate” why hate” this sort of stuffs.
    Listen, ve u come through ur father’s ass?!!!!
    U damn bloody fool how dare do u say “FEW MISTAKES!!!”.
    I spit on ur face, i spit on ur religion and i spit on ur whole damn bloody god forbidden country.

  123. sami

    pakistanis are having great lessons from AMERICA and even from TALIBANS ,of course pakistan deserve it death like cats and dogs,all of the war they fought against india they lost they never won any war with their dumb headed army forces,they are trying hard to tie up with Baluchistan .they can never escape from “NEMESIS”

  124. Abir

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    Niaji was one of the most criminal minded army officers ever. He supported the mass rape of Bangladeshi women by Pakistani army in 1971 and their collaborators. He himself said that soldiers may do that as they could not go to jhelum to satisfy their lust.
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